Saturday, July 27, 2019

Differentiate among the three fungal phyla Assignment

Differentiate among the three fungal phyla - Assignment Example This organism is commonly referred to as the bread mold (Tortora, Funke & Case, 2012). Organisms in this phylum obtain their nutrients through absorptions. They usually secrete hydrolytic enzymes that can break large molecules into simpler substances in a process of decomposition. They then absorb the simpler substances as their nutrients. Organisms in this phylum are important to humans because they are used in producing coloring agents and anesthetics. They are also important in agriculture because they help in decomposition that returns nutrients to the soil. They also increase the absorption of water and minerals from the soil by agricultural crops. Organisms in this phylum reproduce both sexually and asexually. The asexual reproduction process of ascomycetes involves conidia formation. The sexual reproduction these organisms differs from those of Zygomycotes. For example, unlike the zygomycota, the haploid stage of reproduction of the ascomycetes involves joining of male and female gamete producing cells. The sexual reproduction of these organisms leads to the formation of Ascospores. An example of organism in this phylum includes the baker’s yeast The ascomycetes obtain their nutrients the same ways as zygomycetes. For example, they decompose the surfaces of their surrounding using their strong digestive enzymes. The decomposed substances are them absorbed into their cells in form of molecules. They obtain their nutrients from dead matter or through a symbiotic relationship with some living organisms. Ascomycetes are also used in food production. For example, the baker’s yeast is used in making many products such as bread and wine. In addition, their ability to decompose substances makes them important in agriculture just like the zygomyotes. In addition, they provide nitrogen to some plants during symbiosis. Unlike the other phyla, organisms in this phylum only reproduce sexually. They

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