Thursday, February 28, 2019

Organizations group jobs and work functions into groups Essay

1. Chapter 7 addresses organisational social organizations (how organizations group jobs and work functions into groups). For example, a infirmary may substantiate hundreds or thousands of employees while a private physicians stain may have just a few employees. For the organizations below, describe which organisational twist they would likely use and why A small physicians officeSmaller infirmarys tend to have much simpler organizational mental synthesiss. small affair can use i of ternion patriarchal organization structure options in operation(p), divisional or ground substance. Essentially, the organizational structure creates a affair hierarchy to append the efficiency and effectiveness of the note operations. antithetic small businesses operate in different ways, so there is no one-size-fits-all solution every small business should choose for an organizational structure. You can, however, desexualize which of the most unwashed structures works for your busines s.FunctionalWhen you establish a functional organizational structure, you ar building a hierarchy based on the job role of from distributively one employee. Functional organizational structure groups in concert employees who work toward a common goal. For example, all of your marketing employees would be in the same group. Even if you only have two or three employees who ful alter the marketing role of your small business, you would structure it so one person is in charge, such as the vice president of marketing. His squad would consist of a marketing manager and a public transaction manager. The functional structure provides centre to the employees, because they know they argon working toward a common goal. In this example, the common goal is marketing and promoting the business.divisionalDivisional organizational structures decentralize the functionalorganizational structure because the roles of the employees atomic number 18 shared out by product or region, rather than fu nction, within your business. For example, you could divide the join States into four divisions north, east, south and west. Each division would then have its proclaim employees. This provides each region with specialist in each area for that region. If your business sells different products, you can alike separate roles by the product infra a divisional organizational structure.MatrixMatrix organizational structures acquiesce the characteristics of a functional and divisional organizational structure. The matrix organizational structure works more like a team. Instead of department heads, each team has a leader. Matrix organizational structures bring together employees who focus on a project, alone fill different roles from across your business. The matrix organizational structure has the most decentralisation, which means it can confuse employees closely who is in charge. The matrix organizational structure is appropriate if your business operates on an international level, or serves different geographic regions.Trial and Error umteen small business owners start off by structuring the business by trial and error, or in a haphazard manner. You could start the business with just you and an assistant until you learn more about the roles employees must fill within the organization.Changing StructuresWhen your business starts small and then grows, it is not comical to start with one organizational structure and then transition to some other structure. For example, if your business starts out by only serving the local city where the business operates, but eventually serves the state, you might start with one structure and change to another one to better fit the needs of your business and its customers. A hospital with one large facility in a cityLarge hospitals have complex organizational structuresThe organization structure of the HR department should comprise of the Director as head, HR manager, benefactor Managers and a numberof HR executives looking after recruitment trainingsafety, security, general administration, labor, vigilance , government regulations and legal issues. The health care organizations also need to have a strong grievance redresal mechanism twain for the module and users of the facilities. This should be built inbuilt in the HR policy.Human preference Management is the process of bringing people and organizations together sohe medical staff is a formally organized unit within the larger hospital organization.The president or chief of staff is the liaison between the hospital administration and members of the medical staff. Typically, the medical staff consists primarily of medical physicians, but it also may include other doctoral-level professionals, such as dentists and psychologist that the goals of each are met. The nursing division usually comprises the single largest component of the hospitals organization. It is subdivided by the type of longanimous care delivered in the various medical specialt ies. These nursing units are composed of a number of patient beds grouped within a certain area to allow centralization of the special facilities, supplies, equipment, and personnel pertinent to the needs of patients with particular conditions. A major, across the country amends companyThe right structure and leadership to drive success.They are fortunate to have strong and committed leaders to help us deliver on their priorities and achieve their long-term vision for success as one company serving the needs of the members and business partners. They can countenance in decreasing the insurance coverage charges and support the person to shape out every single possible way to minimize premiums and increase protection. Most insurance businesses offer bundled deals where a person can flux more than 1 kind of coverage collectively so as to receive a discounted quality volume.The advantages include a one insurance policy service provider to make contact with and pay, as swell as an reasonably priced plan for all your needs. If a person isnt asking the questions they feel ought to be answered, then the person is not very getting the aid they want. When working with an agent or broker, take the clipping to satisfy that the agent or broker is experienced in a variety of kinds of insurance. Most states need licensing examinations and continuing education forinsurance producers. interrogative mood about these accreditations, knowledge in the discipline and any other variables that are crucial to you.2. Chapter 17 addresses communication and information technology management. One of the common issues in any workplace is the quality and effectiveness of communications. Email is a form of personally addressed written communication that is common in nearly all work places. While people like apply e-mail, there are also drawbacks.Explain the pros and cons of using telecommunicate messages.The pros of email areIt demands attention,which helps ensure that the receive rs pay attention. Has enabled many workers and managers to become telecommuters, people who are employed by organizations and work out of offices in their own homes. up to(p) to reach large numbers of receivers.The cons of email areThe growing horror of email. Employees sexually harras coworkers through email, and divorcing cooperators who work together sometimes sign their spouses name to email and send insulting or derogatory messages to the spouses boss. Top managers also complain that sometimes their email is clogged with junk mail. Problems with email systems also happen alot.Unlikely feedback. learning overload.

Educational Inequality Essay

All through history of America development has served very cruci enti avowy in two the political and economic needs. The goals of culture in America include all children deport access toll start school ready to larn, 90 percent append in High school graduates, development of graduates who evince competency in various atomic number 18as, create a lead in mathematics and science motion in the terra firma, literacy among all the adults and possession of the familiarity and skills essential to strive in a global economy and forge the rights and duties of citizenship, schools free of substance abuse, and full of discipline, access to professional equipping programs and finally promotion of partnerships in schools that will intensify the p bental participation in the whole dimension of the children . The US established an Act of Parliament in 2001 known as The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) that aims at bringing reforms in the nurture system. It aims in maintaining gamey stand ards and strategies in recount to improve cultivation system and eliminate the tuitional divergence.Education dates to a greater extent eras back in history and quite surprisingly so do education discrimination. Educational in contactity refers to the n cardinalxistence of equal chances that individuals arrive at as a result of differences in quality education among pause factors. for the most part in America and the entire world a variety of educational inequalities exist. The imbalances continue along socioeconomic and pagan lines. Research shows that slightly in the across the world more than adept billion adults illiterate. The United Nations indicates that of these one billion uneducated grown-ups more than 2/3rds are women. Further it shows that the after part grade learners who grow up in lesser, low-in accrue societies are already most three grade levels behind their peers in high-income societies (TFA, 2008). By the time these students are 18 they fall in no t yet completed in their high school, with only a ratio of one is to ten. These educational imbalances dishonorably square off the life scenarios of the children who grow up in poor societies who are all over 13 million children.The disparities incline inexplicably affect minority groups comprising African-American, Latino/Hispanic, and natural American children, who are three times as probable to merry in low-income regions (TFA, 2008). Children in low-income societies and areas in the world regularly face trials much(prenominal) as underprivileged healthcare, nourishment, and insufficient housing. While their counterparts enjoy concerted cultivation, picture to the information and resources, better nutrition and recreation facilities all of which are burning(prenominal) in better performance. Schools and school systems time and again lack the same resources to encounter and cope with the students full potential. Various factors are precursors of inequality, and on the oth er hand education inequality becomes a factor in annexe of the factors themselves, these include economic, companionable, political, technological and cultural influences and the education system, delivery of education and so onThe factors can either be endogenous or exogenous either external or factors within the education system itself that cause inequality nonexistence of schooling facilities, poor administrative purlieu of the school-system. Absenteeism, truancy, low progression in school and dropouts are several of the outcomes of pitiable structural environment of school-system. Segregation has been named as the greatest cause of inequality. Segregation actually substance stratification or classification of sight in a edict due to a predominant attribute they possess. Racial, gender, social, economic segregation among others pee an adverse effect on education. The discrimination that arises hinders community from accessing better and coveted education.In the histor y of America the inequality of education has existed in postulate to race, gender and sociocultural and economic factors. Through the transitory of slavery, equality of education was one of the rights that were formerly withdrawn from the Black people. The grant of equality was a factor that would help in social integration attainment. Its over one hundred and twenty years but still the black children spend a penny not really achieved the amount of financial success White children have in life after school. The objective of education is to reserve the bewilder class structure. Ever since the eradication of servitude, racist whites have used the educational classification to retain their sovereignties and to hold on blacks unfortunate. Philosophies of marginal subservience are spread, and the perverse fall into the trap of believing that race defines astuteness, by means of asymmetrical test statistics to aid back their thoughts.Ranking in social achievement simulations adopt s ocial movement in an exposed challenge, based on distinction as measured by years of schooling and practicable capability. This open challenge assumes an identical rudimentary education. The Supreme Court governed that separate but equal schools were unauthorized, those who would avert incorporation had to find new methods to run afoul this elementary education. This is so equivalent to tracking where by children are dislocated in terms of their social classes.Various sociological schools of thoughts have arisen to rationalise this phenomenon. Some of the dominant include the functionalist possible action this paradigm aims in delineating the functions of education and asserts that education serves the requirements of the society. In its manifest form education communicates elementary friendship and skills across generations and on the other hand it socializes people into the societys mainstream through its latent aims the moral education, which helped forms a more-cohesive so cial arrangement by bringing to tolerateher people from assorted backgrounds. It echoes the historical apprehension of Americanizing settlers. This theory was formulated by Emile Durkheim and has since been advanced by other scholars.Functionalists argue that other underlying roles of education are such as transmission of aggregate values and social control. Functionalist hold that education serves the purpose of socializing individuals to learn the social norms, beliefs, knowledge, attitudes and values that they will require as industrious citizens at the different (unequal) levels of society this is achieved mainly through the hidden curriculum, at the same time education sorts and rank persons for engagement in the campaign market, individuals who achievement highly are trained for the most important jobs and in recompense, earn very high incomes. Thereby the most capable individuals get the greatly aspired occupations. The sensibly constructed educational goals and curriculum assists in develop identities and self-esteem. However, Sennet and Cobb (2005) cites that to have confidence that aptitude single-handedly determines who is to be rewarded is unfounded. Meighan concurs, adding that a majority of individuals who are capable of performing but are limited by their functional class background fail to achieve the status they deserve limited by the cultural experiences and deprivations.The cycle persists with schooling backing continuity, which in twisting maintains social order. Lucas, 2009 supposed that this progression, whereby some schoolchildren were named and labeled educational failures, is an essential occupation which education as a part of the social system, performed for the whole and silver functioning of the society. Another model called the skirmish theory maintains that the function of education is to continue with the social inequality and maintain the power of the powerful in the society. encounter theorists scrutinize the identica l purposes of education as functionalists. However the functionalists pick up education inequality as a advantageous contribution to an logical society and that helps maintains the social order while the conflict theorists perspective is that the educational system is a system that propagates the status quo by stultifying the lower classes into existence submissive workers. They together concur that the educational system practices sorting, but they resist about how it enacts that sorting. Functionalists prerogative that schools categorize centered upon distinction conflict theorists contend that schools classify along distinctive class and ethnic lines.Conflict theorists hold that, schools train those in the working classes to accept their coiffure as a lower-class member of society. The conflicts identify several factors to defend their position property taxes finance most schools this in that respectfore means affluent districts have more money hence better funded schools. They can have plentiful money to pay greater wages, appealing to more professional teachers, and newer texts books and more technology. This therefore translates to better performance and development of more able students. typic interactionists is yet another theoretical approach in explaining education inequality, symbolic interactionists say that society is conceivable since people have the capability to talk with one another by means of symbols. Further they add that people act toward others, objects, and events on the foundation of the connotations we convey to them. Subsequently, we experience and understand the world as a constructed- created reality. On education they restrict their examination to what we instantly observe happening in the schools. Additionally they lay a counsel on how educators anticipations stimulates student performance, observations, and attitudes.Additionally researchers across the globe have come up with more theoretical methodologies to elucidat e developments in educational inequality the theory of industrialization, reproduction theories, MMI and EMI. theory of industrialization give its explanations on educational inequality that with increase with industrialization and modernization there would be winnow out in inequality in the education sector and as a result other sectors e.g. income distribution and resource allocation. As an outcome of economic, institutional, and cultural transformation, arising from improved technology and innovations, greater sections of the countries inhabitants will benefit, thereby reducing the factors that increase inequality. The theory asserts that access to education, and their educational achievement would be progressively rely on merit rather than cultural and economic background. Reproduction theories postulate that the inequality is a making of the education system this can be simply inferred to mean that the systems are structured to reproduce the unequal social structure. Stratifi cation in the society will continue even if the education enlarges because the powerful figures will continue to make strategies that maintain this benefit. Therefore there will forever be an intergenerational sinuousness of inequality.Maximally maintained inequality (MMI) cites the educational system expansion doesnt specifically major on lower class but all the students, this theory was formulated in an attempt to answer why educational development and egalitarian transformations do not decrement educational disparity among socioeconomic divisions. Relative attempt aversion (RRA) proposes larger disparity lessening is probable and is subject to fixation costs and customs. Effectively maintained inequality (EMI) proposes that significant inequality decrease in equality is indescribable since qualitatively diverse categories of education preserve far-reaching inequality, even at collective conversions. When inundation is attained at a specific level and shabbiness in realization degenerates, quantifiable inequity may be swapped by qualitative. This means that upper classes will be better equipped. Concentrating on tracking, EMI openly deliberates the established administration of diverse educational systems, thus accentuating the importance of including the institutional facet.Theorists and researchers agree that the inequality in education is as a result of segregation and class differences more specifically brought about by income-economic factors. If the bridge in student achievement is to be crossed policies that emphasize inequality elimination and new initiatives have to be developed. The structure and the process of schooling should in like manner be taken into considerateness to achieve better performance. Reduction of race and sociocultural discrimination also will go a long way in upward(a) the state of education in America. The state commitment to policies that ensure equal distribution of the resources and inception of programs that are aimed at improving the welfare of the people should be adopted.

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Political Issues Essay

Political and Social Apathy, there atomic list 18 two faces of impassivity. The first considers apathy as a choice and date in public brio a consequence of ones affirmative use of freedom. The second face of apathy swot ups when citizens atomic number 18 guide to believe that their personal needs are not part of the governmental agenda, resulting into political deprivation and the reaffirmation of the status quo.Philippines political and cordial life is marked by the second kind of apathy, which might also arise from the belief that single(a)s are powerless and hopeless in making substantive changes in their lives. For this reason, the paper would like to awaken reflection on apathy in the personal and public spheres and to extinctline ways by which the individual dejection move towards sympathy. It is the intention of this paper to show contemporary Filipinos can find his passion again in order to move out of apathy.The paper will explain the rationale behind the devel opment of the Philippines social and political issues. The Philippines is faced with a number of issues that concern our organization. We are overzealous about raising awareness of these issues, and developing grass-roots solutions. Poverty, unemployment and environmental legislation are the major issues facing the country, and these problems have resulted in a large number of Filipinos moving overseas for work. We believe social entrepreneurship can help distribute some of the issues facing the Philippines at the moment.Read morePolitical Issues in the Philippines Essay

Management Function Essay

All organizations see on group efforts. Team land and group action suffer become needful in every day of life, and it impart lead to the winner in group efforts. The counseling pass oning be very important to the groups because it poop helps to acquire group goals, deliver the goodss maximum resources to his or her team, minimizes the cost, establishes sound organization, and generates much welfare to his or her team. Management functions, theater directors skills, care control and strategic management process leave be analyzed to define how an delicate conductor should be.Four Management FunctionsThe four management functions comprise the immemorial functions to the jitneys. These four functions which are planning, organizing, leading and controlling can be utilize in all fields of management, be it at a factory, a super market, a restaurant or even at home. supplyingManagers need to perform the planning function to define goals, establish strategies to hit thes e goals and develop sub plans to coordinate activities for his or her team members. For example, as a marketing private instructor in the supermarket chain vexation, the director needs to define what the target customers like Western quite a microscopic, South East Asia people or East Asians the supermarkets want to attract. After define the goals are attract more(prenominal) than and more Asian-Canadian families, the manager need to establish strategies like bringing Asian-Canadian families uncontaminating foods and introducing the variation of Asian food culture at stores that offer colossal convenience, service, and comfort to those Asian customers. Then, lots of sub plans like which kind of merchandises should be import and the merchandises price setting strategies will be developed by the manager and pass to different buyers to fol first base up.OrganizingManagers need to arrange employment duties to his or her team members to achieve the organizations goal. The ma nagers will get back what tasks should be d maven, who will responsible for the task and how the tasks are to be grouped. For example, as the selling manager in the supermarket chain business, the manager needs to engineer his or her team to different group and individually group will in charge of different merchandises by categories like drink, snack, rice crude oil and noodles. After different teams have been organized, each teams supervisory program will be selected by the merchandising manager. The buyers will report to their supervisors and the supervisors will report to the merchandising manager.LeadingManagers need to lead their team members to achieve the organizations goals. The leading function will require the managers to countenance good parley skills and lead ship skills to re infrastand the behavior issues. As the merchandising manager in the supermarket chain business, some conflicts will be appeared with different buyers. Buyers will provide some products tha t buyers want to promote to be the promotion products in each weeks flyer, due to the hold space of the flyer, non all the products will be selected to be the promotion products by merchandising manager. The manager will use the communication skills and lead ship skills to permit the buyers contend why their products cannot be selected and what they should meliorate next time.ControllingThe stomach management function is controlling. Managers need to tax and monitor employees performance and manufacture sure every step is correct to achieve the goals. As the merchandising manager, the merchandises sales are the key performance index to evaluate buyers performance. Usually, merchandising manager will use category sales to evaluate each teams performance and total stores sales growth per centum to evaluate the whole incisions performance.Skills Required by Managers adept skills, human skills and conceptual skills are three most important skills postulate by managers. Thoug h these three skills, managers can know more nearly the specified filed they are working, have better interpersonal relationship with people and have more ideas when go about the complex situations.Technical skillsManagers need have salubrious technical skills in the specified filed because the managers need to deal with his or her employees when the employees face some difficulties during the working. The managers will give help and lead the employees to solve technical problems to achieve the organizations goals. For example, as a merchandising manager in the supermarket chain business, he or she must have strong buy skills, budgeting skills, know salubrious with different merchandises that are sold in stores and catalogue management skills.Human skillsManagers must have ability to work hale with different employees. Managers with perfect human skills, they can receive more and more trust from their employees and the employees can make full effort to achieve the organizatio ns goals. As the supermarket chains merchandising manager, he or she should get well not only with different buyers, but also with store levels employees. If the manager can work well with store levels employees, the products that they imported can be displayed very well and follow merchandising departments set strategies, as a result, the companys goal can be achieved easily.Conceptual skillsManagers must have ability to analyze and provide solutions when facing difficulties or complex situations. In the business world, top-level management positions usually postulate to have this skill. For example, as the merchandising manager in the supermarket chain business, when the tender store will be opened, the manager will use conceptual skills to analyze what the best location is, what the best merchandises will be on shelf and what the target sales will be generated and so on. Also, if one of categories sales was chronic decreasing in the past several weeks, the manager need provide insight and solutions to the category team to help them shoot down the difficulties.Two Views of Management ControlOmnipotent put on of managementThe traditional mountain of managers is that they are directly responsible for organizations success and failures. When the organizations performance is poor, the managers should provide reasons and solutions when the organizations performance is good, the managers should get the credit even if they only do little things to achieve the goals.Symbolic view of managementManagers only have limited effects on organizational outcomes and performances because of the large number of factors like customers, competitors, disposal policies and economy outside the control of managers.Both omnipotent view of management and symbolical view of management purpose are to achieve organizations goals and provide the excellent performance to the organizations. As well, either omnipotent view of management or symbolic view of management, managers needs t o make decisions within organizations when something happened. worry the merchandising manager in the supermarket chain business, if stores sales are go along decreasing, whatever the reason is merchandises price are not attractive or the outside economy is in downtrend, the manager need provide insights and solutions to improve sales for the company. However, there are big differences between omnipotent view of management and symbolic view of management.The managers will in charge of everything for organizations success and failures under omnipotent view of management but under the symbolic view of management, lots of external factors will affect organizations performance, so the managers do not have big effects on organizational outcomes and performances. As the merchandising manager in the supermarket chain business, when stores sales are continuing decreasing, the manager will think if customers do not like the merchandises that they imported or the merchandises price is too h igh for the customers under omnipotent view of management, then the manager will provide solutions to improve the sales however, under the symbolic view of management, the manager will think about if stores sales were effected by strong competitions in the market or the downtrend of economy. strategical Management ProcessStep1 identify the organizations current mission, goals and strategies beg off The mission, goals and strategies of an organization are very important to employees, especially for managers. Managers need to shape scope work by step to achieve organizations goals, missions and strategies. voice A supermarket Inc. mission is that attract more and more Asian-Canadian families, bringing Asian-Canadian families fresh foods and introducing the diversity of Asian food culture at stores that offer exceptional convenience, service, and value to those Asian customers. The merchandising manager need bring in more Asian products to the stores to attract customers.Step2 do an cozy analysisExplain An inborn analysis about the organizations resources and capabilities will be through to indentify the organizations cleverness and weakness Example The merchandising manager will do an internal analysis to indentify the companys strength which is have different kinds of Asian foods cross grocery, produce, seafood and bakery and weakness which is neglect of experience about what kind of western foods is suitable for Asian customers.Step3 do an external analysisExplain An external analysis about the business environment, government policies, and competitions will be done to help managers know opportunities and threats for organizations. Example The merchandising manager will do an external analysis to know the opportunities and threats for the company. Opportunities are more and more Asian families pass to Toronto and lots of churn supply in the market. Threats are the strong competitions exist in Torontos Asian supermarkets field.Step4 formulate strategie sExplain After identify organizations missions and finished internal and external analysis, managers need formulate strategies to achieve organizations mission base on SWOT. Example The merchandising manager formulates the strategy which is open more peeled stores to achieve the companys mission. More and more Asian families move to Toronto and lots of labor supply in the market, bleak stores will be easy opened and can attract more Asian customers. Meanwhile, strong competitions exist in the market, the company need to increase the number of stores to low the products cost.Step5 implement strategiesExplain After managers formulate the strategies, lots of members will be involved to implement the strategies to achieve organizations goals. Example The merchandising manager will request his or her buyers to import more Asian merchandises for new stores, work with the store operation department to decide the layout of stores and work with finance department about new stores budget.St ep6 evaluate resultsExplain After the strategies were implemented, managers need to evaluate the results to see if achieve the organizations goals and make any adjustments if necessary. Example After new store was opened, the managers need to calculate if stores sales had been achieved the target. If not, the manager will provide solutions to improve store sales immediately.

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Courage and Bravery in Lord of the Flies Essay

In amidst of the tragic events that occurs in the t ownsfolk of Maycomb, one positive estimate that stand place throughout the whole time is courage. Its presence is sight by the narrator pale from the eccentric personisations of the central character genus genus Atticus, his influence on his childrens upbringing and other the members of the community that displays such qualities e. g. Mrs Dubose and bird Radley. Atticus Finch is one of the most prominent and respected people in the town who has strong views on courage.His role in the story serves as a moral backbone and fatherly figure to his children. You never acceptedly bring in a person until you consider things from his point of view until you climb into his kowtow and walk around in it This quote shows his open-mindness for truth by cause people through their perspective, and he was courageous comely to act on this philosophy. Atticus displays intrepidity when he takes Toms case scorn the consequences of his town turning against him and his children. He represents Tom fairly in hail for free, and in the face of criticism and threats of violence he stands for what he believes is right.Atticus is not only a brave man himself but as well a strong influence to his children as he goes to great patience to instruct Jem and Scout to be better human beings. Youre gonna calculate a line some ugly talk about this in school. But I want you to promise me one thing That you wont get into fights over it, no matter what they say to you. Although Scout fights other children who irritate Atticus in an attempt to defend and stand up for him, she finally learns that withholding violence is one of the highest forms of bravery.On another occasion in the face of danger when a mad dog is running cut out the street, Atticus shoots it perfectly yet he hides that he is the towns best marksmen, but emphasises that he is not courageous for shooting a dog dead in one shot, but because he had to. He disproves o f the childrens fascination with guns and believes that guns do not induct men brave. As Scout tells, My father, who hated guns and had never been to any wars, was the bravest man who ever lived. one of the most significant lessons Jem learns was from Mrs Dubose, when he was made to go and read to her and her long-battled morphia addiction is revealed.Instead of spending the rest of her life and dying painlessly under the influence of morphine which as the easy and acceptable option, Mrs Dubose chooses to commit free in an agonising way, despite of how far her sickness has be bonk, lettered that she pass on die in the process. I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is man with a gun in his hand. Its when you know youre licked originally you begin but you begin anyway and you see it though no matter what. Atticus holds Mrs.Dubose as the ultimate definition of bravery and she is a person he admires as having real courage. This form o f bravery can be reflected back to Atticus when he defends Tom Robinson. He argues the case to the best of his ability even though he knows it will be nearly impossible for a white jurys verdict of a black man to be not indictable. A different take on courage is within the community, when the plague occurs. The men of Maycomb, in all degrees or dress and undress, took furniture from cut down Maudies house to a yard across the street.The response that arises is immediate. The idiomatic expression in all degrees of dress and undress stresses that the men do not take on time to think but come straight from their beds to divine service regardless of their attire. Looks like all of Maycomb was out tonight Even during this time, Boo left his place so Scout will not be cold. Then it turns out ironically later on that Boo who has been an objective of fear and suspicion at the beginning, risks his own life to save Jem and Scouts lives from Bob Ewell. His courage overrides the towns pre judice to come their aid.Even Jem runs back to help Scout, knowing he stood no chance against a drunk adult, yet he succeeded by buying enough time for help. It is essential to note how the lack of courage influences many people. The character of Bob Ewell proves a foil for Atticus, where the later is a noble and stainless man and the former a coward. Ewell never directly faces those whom he design have wronged him and held grudges against everyone connected to the case. His actions give evidence of this when he vandalises Judge Taylors home and harasses Toms widow Helen Robinson at a distance.His need for petty revenge is his greatest cowardice, especially when he resorts to assaulting Atticus children in order to make himself feel more of a man, resulting in his own death. The characters fight for what they believe in throughout the entire book in one way or another and bravery is shown by close to everyone in times when the situation demands it. Although some events may turn out badly, courage is an essential and desirable quality which will always make the world a better place to live in.

Philippine literature Essay

Filipino literature is a diverse and rich group of works that has evolved side-by-side with the countrys history. Literature had started with fables and legends made by the antique Philippines long before the arrival of Spanish influence. The main themes of Philippine literature focus on the countrys pre-colonial cultural traditions and the socio-political histories of its colonial and contemporary traditions. It is non a secret that umpteen Filipinos are unfamiliar with much of the countrys literary heritage, specially those that were written long before the Spaniards arrived in our country. This is due(p) to the fact that the stories of ancient time were not written, but rather passed on from contemporaries to generation through word of mouth. Only during 1521 did the early Filipinos became acquainted with literature due to the influence of the Spaniards on us. But the literature that the Filipinos became acquainted with are not Philippine-made, rather, they were works of S panish authors.So successful were the efforts of colonists to blot out the memory board of the countrys largely oral past that present-day Filipino writers, artists and journalists are trying to correct this inequity by recognizing the countrys wealth of ethnic traditions and disseminating them in schools through mass media. The rise of superpatriotic pride in the 1960s and 1970s also helped bring somewhat(predicate) this change of attitude among a new breed of Filipinos concerned about the Filipino identity. Philippine literature is written in Spanish, English, Tagalog, and/or other(a) native Philippine Languages. Why do we need to need Philippine Literature?Whatever nationality you are it is always very important to study the literature of your country. In doing so you are not only education about the historical aspects of your land, but you are also keeping brisk the thoughts, beliefs and cultural variations of your ancestors that differentiate your country from the rest o f the world. A countrys literature also tells us about its civilization in a form other than straight fact.

Monday, February 25, 2019

Dealing with a Uni-Polar World Essay

The world directly is undeniably uni-polar which is in fact brought forth by years and decades of ambition in the past among countries aiming for globular empowerment. Specifically, the most recent of much(prenominal) would be the Cold War between the unite States and the Soviet confederacy. While the put on of military force or the mien of actual battles atomic number 18 plain lacking end-to-end the aforesaid war, twain the coupled States and the Soviet Union are translucently engaged in a contest concerning technical and scotch aspects.Of course, throughout history, more violent wars deport occurred for achieving greater dominance and expanding the reach of a nations withstand and influence. At give though, it is irrefutable that there solitary(prenominal) a item-by-item superpower exists throughout the world, the victor in the Cold War, which is the coupled States. However, spell some may perceive this as an irrelevant division to discuss, it is quite obvio us that the presence of a single superpower amidst the ensuing process of globalization has a myriad of associated concerns and repercussions and thus change is take ined.As state beforehand, there are a number of issues gnarled in having only a single superpower today. To further expound upon the current global status of United States, it would be necessary to point out that its economy contributes to roughly wizard fourth of the global GNP. In effect, the United States may express its control and influence over international concerns through military, economic, and even unsaid power.Having scarce military prowess allows the aforesaid nation to handle and be involved with global issues independently however, a direct unhealthful effect of such(prenominal) military capabilities and swear outs is that global views assume a stance that the United States nevertheless desires other nations to follow its ways. As noted beforehand, aside from military powers, the United States ma y also express its dominance and control through economic might. In particular, aside from having manipulative authority in both the IMF and the valet Bank, the United States may also prevent or limit get by with other countries.Not being able to establish economic ties with the United States or with American firms, which contributes to the largest portion of the global economy, would detrimentally shanghai nations. Lastly, implicit powers are also stand for as the American thought give-up the ghosts the customary basis of perception and evaluation. Due to the unrivaled power of the United States and its evident capability to influence the outcome of global issues and concerns, other countries without such potential eventually succumb into state of powerlessness.As expected, powerlessness does not inculpate positive thoughts as terrorism and mistrusts regarding the course of globalization manifest as the most concerning repercussions of such. Hence, palmately-lobed institu tions have been established to alleviate if not wind up resolve such problems involving various nations. Regardless of the appropriateness of the goals of such multilateral institutions to maintain order worldwide, doubts as to whether the aforesaid goals are achieved in an immaterial manner are existent.For example, the WTO, having leaders from affluent nations, is believed to be driven by the opinions of those from more capable nations as well as America. Similarly, the IMF is also brand in a negative manner as critics have noted an over generalized approach in resolving the concerns of highly different nations, leading to ineffective outcomes. Even the appropriateness or the rationale stinkpot the act of giving loans to developing nations has become a basis for doubt and dispute. Possibly, a shift from being a uni-polar to a multi-polar world would be the most ideal solution to the aforesaid problems.As a matter of fact, while the United States is at present the only superpowe r in the world, it is undeniably that certain nations also hold the potential to reach such status. Specifically, the European Union, Japan, China, and the United Nations are among the countries considered to be most likely to become superpowers in the future. Regardless of such, while transitioning to a true multi-polar world would be beneficial, it is inactive impossible at present. Thus, the IMF have opted to take up the chore of eliminating doubts and maintaining order internationally through the pursuit of aiding countries which are in need of financial condescend.A specific example of such would be the support given to Indonesia, Thailand, and Korea for endeavors focused upon achieving economic stability and establishing reforms. Furthermore, more than 30 cardinal US dollars have been allocated and spent for the aforesaid purposes which have been acquired through both multilateral and bilateral sources. IMFs programs for developing countries, specifically in legal injury of structural reforms, encompassed means to lessen depreciation, enhance the financial system, eliminating economic aspects detrimental to financial growth, and establishing a proper fiscal policy.It is quite evident that while the formation of other superpowers in the future is indeed a possibility, it is still irrefutable that the United States is still at present the most remarkable nation across all international domains such as politics. In particular, American maintains economic dominance through the presence of materialism as well as consumerism which have been also known to positively affect the economy of other nations as the businesses thrive from meeting the demands of the population. Furthermore, economic stimulus through the aforesaid societal trend is also supported by the presence of free trade and democracy.Nonetheless, even though criticisms are present regarding the dominant mindset embodied in the American nation and its global impact, it would still be expectab le that even the American public have been affected by an imperialistic manner of thinking not providing a response to global concerns have become an unacceptable course of action to take for Americans. The role of the United States in resolving international concerns only highlight the lack of ability among regional authorities to accomplish such. Therefore, in order to ensure that globalization unfolds in its truest sense, multilateralism in without doubt vital.

Progressive Presidents Essay

At the start of the 19th century, a new era had begun that would forever win over the course of American history. This new era was known as the reformist era an era of budge amongst the common puzzle outer and the powerful giants of industry. ii major leaders that occupied this specific mowork forcet in prison term were Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. However, these prominent men had contributed much to the efforts of the progressive faeces each single had different personal views that dictated their approach. This paper attempts to compare and contrast these mens progressive ideas apart from their actions. We will start with Woodrow Wilson, in his beginning(a) speech, he had addressed changes in the establishment to show favor towards the habitual Party (Wilson, 1913). Wilson explains, by asserting that the nation desires the Party to interpret and change the nations designs and views. He claims that now the government and the nations job are to cleanse and correct the carelessness and ills conveyed about by the countrys industrialization (Wilson, 1913). Wilson also touches on the matters that need settlement, which extends from the need to adjust the foreign tariff, the banking strategy, the industrial scheme, and the agricultural strategy. He also discusses how the government desires to protect its peoples lives with sanitary regulations, untainted food regulations, and work regulations. He stresses that there will be repairs in the financial strategy, and that Justice, and that fairness, shall always be our motto (Wilson, 1913). With Theodore Roosevelts Progressive platform, he called for the transmit election of United States senators, woman suffrage, reduction of the tariff, and m whatever social reforms. Roosevelt, who served as the 26th president of the United States from the years of 1901 to 1909,he commenced on an sprightly campaign as the partys presidential candidate. A distinguish point of his platform was the Square Deal. Th is was Roosevelts concept of a parliamentary procedure based on fair business competition and increased eudaimonia for needy Americans (Bowles, 2011). Despite Wilsons measured successes in ram, child labor, banking, business, and agribusiness reforms during 1914 and 1915, his New Freedom was a disappointment amongst woman and African Americans. In 1916, Wilson began pushing for a multitude of reforms that were in part motivated by the upcoming election. The reforms included the Federal Farm Loan Act, the Adamson Act, the Keating-Owen child laborlaw, and support for womens suffrage. After, 1916, Wilson accepted much of Roosevelts New Nationalism, encouraging greater national power and regulation. However, as America soon began displace military to intervene in the war in Europe, this action end his reform ambitions (Roosevelt, 1911). Roosevelt had his successes and failures as well. Roosevelt brought about change in the meat pugilism industry with the Meat Inspection Act and P ure Food and medicine Act, which is due to the work of Upton Sinclair (Roosevelt, 1911). However, like Wilson, he would fail to achieve any changes for women and African Americans. This occurred because of growing criticism and his belief in African American inferiority. As for women, he did not bring about their right to vote. It would not be until the ratification of the 19th amendment during Woodrow Wilsons presidency that the suffrage movement reached its goal (Roosevelt, 1911). When Roosevelts time in office ended, he matte up his chosen predecessor, Taft, would lead the country and carry on the progressive movement. passim his years as president, Roosevelt increasingly disapproved of his methods, and choices. One of those choices thatangered him was when Taft transferred over 1 million acres to private industry. All this came to a head when Roosevelt sought-after(a) to gain the Republican nomination to run for president in the 1912 election, supersedes Taft. However, Roosev elt befogged the nomination, and decided to run for president anyway by forming his own party, the wangle Moose Party. Even though Wilson became the president, he stole enough votes to educate sure Taft had no change in winning (Bowles, 2011). For years to grow the work, Roosevelt and Wilson in the Progressive era helped to improve American demeanor, business and fetch it safe and a competitive market. These two presidents met the problems head on created by industrialization and urbanization that the government had not yet addressed. Each of them brought a slightly different approach to the concept of trusts, big business, and improving the life of the everyday person, although, they were successful in establishing new precedents in the way which the federal government would regulate these new reforms.

Sunday, February 24, 2019

Belonging: Indigenous Australians and White Society Essay

A sense of belonging can issue from the connections made with people, places, groups, communities and the large world. The quote is clearly maintained in the run away Rainbows repeal by Jane Harrison and the musical _____________________________________. Belonging is subjective and so in that location is no correct way of what it means but what I weigh belonging means is to feel apart or connected with the relaxation of the group.In my first text Rainbows End by Jane Harrison it supports and reveals connections made with people, places, groups, communities and the larger world. This will become evident throughout the language, and symbols used in the play. Rainbows End is fiction but Harrison tried to capture the indigenous experience that was delimit in the 1950s. Harrison also draws historical events in the play such as the world-beaters visit, the Rumbalara housing development and the Assimilation Policy.The play is focused on three indigenous Australians Nan Dear who i s against whites and uses this to form her identity as an Aboriginal. Refuses to say that the Queen is not her Queen as Nan thinks that it is a part of the white society. Gladys is an enthusiastic and idealistic person who urgently wants to be in the white society She believes that she will meet the Queen. Dolly is the youngest and she is proud to be Aboriginal but is ashamed of the attitude that comes with it. She is also dutiful and hard working serious about her prep.Gladys and Dolly constantly listen to the radio receiver this is a symbol for the charr connecting to the rest of society. The radio gets the woman to listen and become more twisty in society even though they are perceived outcasts. The radio keeps them connected to society and in turns gives them a sense of belonging. The encyclopedias that Gladys brought from Errol are other symbol used in the play. Gladys brought these encyclopedias for Dolly as Gladys believes that it may represent an opportunity for Dolly t o be a part of the white society.

Chemistry IA: Electrolysis of Metal Sulphate solutions Essay

IntroductionElectrolysis is the chemical decomposition of a compound by applying an electrical menses through a declaration containing ions. Electrolytes are required to start out electrical energy. They must be dissolved in water or in molten state for the electrolytes to conduct because so, the ions are free to move allowing the termination to be electrolyzed.1 In electrolysis, reduction happens at the cathode whilst oxidation happens at the anode. decline is the loss of electrons and oxidation is the gain of electrons.Research QuestionIn this experiment, I bequeath be electrolyzing nickel note note sulfate (NiSO4) solution. To further explain the aim of this experiment, I have formulated a research question How does ever-changing the current affect the caboodle of nickel deposited at the cathode in the electrolysis of nickel sulphate?HypothesisI predict that as the electrical energize increases, the stack of nickel deposited at the cathode after electrolysis go fo rth also increase. Faradays law of electrolysis, which investigates the quantitative relationship on electrochemical, can support this. Faradays law states, The amount of the substance produced by current at an electrode is directly proportional to the quantity of electricity apply.2During this electrolysis experiment, the aqueous solution of nickel note Sulphate volition transfer plate from the anode to the cathode. Therefore indicating that the nickel sulphate solution is ionised by the electric current and dissociated into nickel ions and sulphate ions. This can be represented in a chemical equation NiSO4 Ni2+ + SO42-At the cathode, positively charged nickel ions are formed in that respect and Ni2+ ions are reduced to Ni by gaining two electrons Ni2+ + 2e NiAt the anode, Ni is oxidised into Ni2+ by dissolving and going into the nickel sulphate solution and finally depositing nickel at the cathode Ni Ni2+ + 2eWhen the electrolysis circumference has electricity flux, the nickel ions result float towards the electrode. Therefore, when the current is increased, the nickel ions ascend rapid and reaching the cathode faster. So there ordain be more nickel deposited as the rate of electrolysis is increased.Independent and Dependent shiftingsVariable measured mode of measuring variableIndependent variableMagnitude of current menses into the electrolytes (A)The 5 values I will use for current flowing into the electrolytes will be0.5 amps1.0 amps1.5 amps2.0amps2.5 ampsTo vary the values of current, a variable impedance will need to be used in the ciruit to control the flow of current. The amps values can be laid exploitation an ammeter, which is also addicted to the electrolysis circuit.Dependent variableMass of plate (g)The mass of nickel deposited at the cathode after electrolysis will be measured for results. This will be determined by weighing the nickel electrodes before the experiment and after electrolysis. For this, a electronic eternal s leep will be used to weigh them.Controlled VariablesVariable measuredMethod of measuring variableControlled variablesTemperature (C)The entire experiment will be done in room temperature of around 24C to ensure that the temperature for each trial will be the same. The temperature will be measured using a thermometer.Concentration of solution (moldm-3)The concentration of nickel sulphate needs to be kept unending at 1 moldm-3. This is because the same concentration will allow the number of ions in the solution to be the same, thus the number of collisions during the electrolysis will be kept the same. majority of solution (cm3)The volume of nickel sulphate for each trial will be kept at 100cm3. Measuring cylinders will be used for accurate measurement.Time (min)The timing for the experiment needs to be controlled really carefully to ensure the amount of current passing the electrolytic kiosk will have the same amount of time. For each trial, it will predominate for 2 minutes. Thi s will be determined using a stopwatch. emf (V)To keep the voltage of this experiment constant set at 5V, we still need to switch the power subscribe to 5V and keep it there.Distance amidst electrodes (mm)The distance between the nickel electrodes needs to be kept constant so it doesnt affect the amount of current passing. The distance will be kept at 40mm and this will be measured using a ruler.Surface of electrodesBefore using the electrodes in the experiment, sand newspaper publisher will be used to remove the oxide layer on the canvas tent of nickel. This will ensure the surface of all electrodes to be the same and will have the same surface for ions to attach to.Size of electrodesThe electrodes need to be kept the same size to ensure there will be an equal surface area for nickel to deposit on. The nickel bed sheet electrodes will be 10mm by 50mm long. This is measured using a ruler.EquipmentEquipment such as measuring cylinders, power packs, wires will need to be the sa me. This is because polar equipment would have different uncertainties, which may affect the final readings of the experiment.EquipmentThermometerNiSO4 solutionNickel electrodes100ml beakerResistorPower packAmmeterDiagramSafety considerationsLong vibrissa needs to be tied backAppropriate footwear worn out for laboratory experimentsSafety goggles should be warn to prevent bruising chemicals from harming your eyesDont touch the electric terminals when the electricity is on to prevent shocksReliable resultsTo ensure accurate and reliable results, I will be undergoing 3 trials for each experiment. This is so I will then be able to calculate an average, thus my data will be more reliable. I will also maintain all the controlled variables and lone(prenominal) varying the input of current.MethodSet up the apparatus and circuit as shown in the diagramFill a beaker with 100cm3 of nickel sulphateWeigh the cathode using the electronic balance and record the initial mass of itFile the Nick el electrodes using sandpaper to remove any impurities break through each electrode pair into the beaker with nickel sulphateAttach the electrodes to opposite sites of the beaker (measure with a ruler the distance between, it should be around 4cm) by bending the electrodes it specify the current to 0.5 amps using the variable resistorConnect the electrolytes into the circuit by clipping on the wires and turn the power pack on utilize the stopwatch, time for 2 minutes whilst looking at the ammeter to ensure the current remains the sameAfter 2 minutes, turn the power pack off and take the cathode out.Wash the cathode carefully with distilled water and dry it with a paper towelWeigh the cathode once more using the electronic balance and record the massRepeat the steps 1 to 12 again for 1 amps, 1.5 amps, 2 amps and 2.5 ampsInitial Mass of Cathode (0.001g)Final Mass of Cathode (0.001g) interchange in mass(0.001g)Average mass gained (0.002 g)Data put overThe defer above is a draft up of the raw data results table I will be using for my final readings from the experiment. It includes columns with headings, 3 trials, units and uncertainties and the average mass gained from the whole experiment. From these results, I can also draw a graph to easier represent the data and can also spot patterns or anomalous data that occur in the results.The actual theoretical mass of nickel deposited at the cathode can also be calculated with a few equationsCharge (C)= Current (A) x Time (s)Moles of electrons= Charge (C)/ 96500Moles of Nickel= moles of electrons/2Mass= moles x RAMThe total percentage of stochastic uncertainty can be calculated for my final answer in order to determine whether my experiment was fully successful and that the results are accurate.WiresCrocodile clipsstopwatchSandpaperRulerElectronic balance________________1 Neuss, Geoffrey. IB Study Guide alchemy Study Guide. s.l. Oxford UP, 2007. Print.2 Faradays laws of electrolysis. Encyclopdia Britannica. Encyclop dia Britannica Online.Encyclopdia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 04 Oct. 2012.

Saturday, February 23, 2019

Ideal Person Essay

Ideal soulfulnessAn ideal person is is that man or woman who can easily deliver his or her thoughts and ideas in a perfect manner.Actually an ideal person possesses iron determination and is a clean-living giant in the true sense of the term.The qualities he/ she possesses be truthfulness, honesty,love for his fellowmen, winning oath non to hurt others, non to pain anyones mind and try to bow before the worthy and be a emollient for the bruised hearts.If all such qualities are manifested the salt of the earth is born. Can my ambitiousness be fructified? May be, I subsist it for certain that in the neo society most of the people are morally corrupt.If my ideal person emerges somehow from the rotten system he/she may be the usher of those fallen souls leading them towards the dream destination.At that very time our beautiful artificial satellite may get rid of the blemishes. It is quite evident that man or woman with lofty ideals are non at hand just still there are peo ple who can earn our dread through their honesty and integritys.If they were non present in the society the sunshine never blazed the Moon never glared.In the desert of corrupt populace they are nothing further the oasis,yet we know they are there with their gorgeous heading amid us.How to be an ideal personAlways keep smiling. That does not stiff to laugh for no reason, notwithstanding it means to remain composed and self-assured Be as thankful as you can in your life story. Of course, not all circumstances in life will be a happy one, but keeping your glace upward will ameliorate your window of the world. Remain as truthful as possible. Avoid cosmos pretentious and fake Stay calm and collected. Whenever someone provokes you, try not to explode. Rather than adding fuel to the fire, perhaps ask what is going on. If they do not want to answer, then just remain in the sidelines. Try not to expect things. Instead, why dont you try lowering the forget of your expectations.If you expect the best, you have to give your best. Keep your mind on the goal, but have temperance and patience. If you want something, you have to work for it. Obtaining things in life can be easy, but most of the time it is difficult. So do not give up Respect your elders, not only the ones you know but also the ones whomyou do not know. Meet them cheerfully and happily. recognise life with enthusiasm and perseverance. We all have the same time on earth, so rather than looking down upon a situation or your life, change it so that you can be happier. Things will roll slowly, but with dedication, faith, hope, and love, you can turn things around or make your life faraway better than it is now. Love yourself in a sense that look upon the ones who are lower to you in wealth and in matters of greatness and good virtue look upon the ones who are higher than you in it.

Macbeth- The Murderer of King Duncan Essay

Justice W exclusivelyace, I strongly believe that Macbeth and his accomplices, lady Macbeth and the eldritch sisters, is to blame for the murder of poove Duncan. The night of which queen mole rat Duncan went to the Macbeth castle, Macbeth murdered poove Duncan in his sleep. Although he isnt to blame completely The supernatural conditions of the eldritch sisters made Macbeths aspiration get the better of him, and with the manipulation of Lady Macbeth, Macbeth kills King Duncan with his own hands.Macbeths ambition and weakness is what caused the murder of King Duncan, In contrary to that statement, the play begins with Macbeth slicing a man from the lavatory up and then displaying his head for everyone in the battlefield to see. Till he unseamed him from the nave to thchaps, And fixed his head upon our battlements (1.2.22-23). This shows that Macbeth is capable of murder done his bravery and strength. King Duncan notices these traits and awards Macbeth by making him Thane of Cawdor.Here is when the weird sisters seeded player into play. Shortly after the battle in the beginning of the play, Macbeth and Banquo meets with the witches, and they say alone hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter (1.3.48). As we know, the witches have the power to control fate, so they are partially to blame when Macbeths ambition gets the better of him. The witches to a fault states that he is Thane of Glamis, and Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth already knows he is Thane of Glamis but he becomes Thane of Cawdor later that day, so then he figures he can also become king. Macbeths ambition overcomes his morality as he pictures all the great things that would happen to him if he becomes king, so he plans the murder of King Duncan in a letter, and sends it to Lady Macbeth.As King Duncan arrives at the Macbeth castle, his army and hostess already plan to murder him when he sleeps. Although Macbeth couldnt initially go on with the plan because he feels guilt as he says to himself a s his host, Who should against his murderer shut the door, Not bear the knife myself

Friday, February 22, 2019

The Engineer and His Education

The head and His Education The term well-behaved convention describes organiseing work realizeed by civilians for non-military purposes. In general it describes the profession of designing and punish structural whole shebang for the general public and the communal environment. Civil technologisting covers different argonas of design, including the design and turn of large buildings, roadstead, bridges, canals, railway lines, airports, water supply-supply systems, dams, irrigation, harbour, docks, aqueducts, and tunnels. The civil engineer involve a thorough liveledge of surveying, of the properties and mechanism of aspect materials, of the mechanics of coordinates and soils, and of hydraulics and swimming mechanics. Today civil engineering includes the crossingion and statistical distri bution of energy, the dumbfoundment of aircrafts and airports, the construction of chemical process plants and nuclear power stations, and water desalination. Brieger, N. & Pohl, A. Technical position Vocabulary and Grammar. Oxford Summert cause, 2002. p. 44 Civil engineerings scope is so broad and given with the definition above denotes a wide novelty of functions of a civil engineer. The functions of an engineer are to design, to construct, to talk over, to operate, to investigate, and to wangle. It is his office to make a plan a reality.An engineer mustiness develop ideas that bequeath become an effective design he must know and utilize justly construction methods and elans he must advise his employer as to the feasibility of the proposed project, the cost which will be entailed, and the results which will be accomplished he must investigate conditions and provide solutions to meet the needs in eccentric person line of works are observed he must supervise and make accepted that the work is done according to the plan and he must chatter to it that the works which have been created from his plan and under his superintendence will right act its intended purpose.In order for an engineer to perform a great deal(prenominal) functions, it is weighty for him to have skills in critical thinking, thickening problem solving, operation analysis, and theory and decision making. He must use system of logic and reasoning to rank the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems he must tell complex problems and retread related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions he must be competent to analyze needs and product requirements to create a design and he should consider the relative cost and benefits of potential actions to withdraw the most appropriate one.Thus, a civil engineer ought to have companionship in mathematics to solve mathematical problems association of the practical act of engineering science and technology and this includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and output of various goods and ass ist association of design techniques, tools, and principles knobbed in doing of precision proficient plans, blueprints, drawings, and models knowledge of building and construction specifically of the materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads and the last but the least is the knowledge of the structure and content of the slope language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. It is a honey oil notion that engineers do not need so much of side language but it should also be considered that success in engineering depends as much upon the ability to make an idea convincingly as it does upon the ability to perform calculations or experiments.You may perform the most rattling(a) experiment in the laboratory, yet you have not contributed anything to the hikement of knowledge until you have overlap your results to others. It is by means of sp eech and writing that the discoveries make in the laboratories are made useful. Engineering work is not immaculate until the results are all the way recorded and presented to others. The e realday use of slope by the engineers is to write adept reports on his work for presentation to other engineers or to the management. These reports must present the results of his investigation in an accurate and orderly manner to those immediately evoke in the work, and also to acquaint executives with the progress cosmos made on the subject. In a larger ense, the engineer has an opportunity to use English in furthering the general understanding of the economic forces at work in our civilization. It is the job of the engineer, who has the technical background, to interpret the technical facts upon which groundbreaking civilization is found into language which everyone can understand. The engineer who learns to master English and use it in these two important ways will do most to advance his chosen profession. He will be subject to present his own investigations to his fellow engineers. More important still, he will be able to gain the understanding of our people who are interested in technical subjects, yet need them explained in simple language.The civil engineer has the contend to satisfy the vital needs of the society as a orbicular player who is able to design, build, manage and maintain complex infrastructure projects with a global approach, taking into account socio-economical and environmental interactions. He is a generalist with high competences in various fields such as structures, hydraulic schemes and energy, geotechnics and tunnelling, transportation infrastructures and systems, language and management, legal and economical aspects as well as environmental issues. Civil engineers work in multidisciplinary and very often multicultural teams. They are challenged to create the necessary infrastructures for the prosperity of the economy, and so guara nteeing the whole race an adequate standard of life.The Engineer and His EducationThe Engineer and His Education The term civil engineering describes engineering work performed by civilians for non-military purposes. In general it describes the profession of designing and executing structural works for the general public and the communal environment. Civil engineering covers different areas of engineering, including the design and construction of large buildings, roads, bridges, canals, railway lines, airports, water-supply systems, dams, irrigation, harbour, docks, aqueducts, and tunnels. The civil engineer needs a thorough knowledge of surveying, of the properties and mechanics of construction materials, of the mechanics of structures and soils, and of hydraulics and fluid mechanics. Today civil engineering includes the production and distribution of energy, the development of aircrafts and airports, the construction of chemical process plants and nuclear power stations, and wate r desalination. Brieger, N. & Pohl, A. Technical English Vocabulary and Grammar. Oxford Summertown, 2002. p. 44 Civil engineerings scope is so broad and given with the definition above denotes a wide variety of functions of a civil engineer. The functions of an engineer are to design, to construct, to advise, to operate, to investigate, and to supervise. It is his responsibility to make a plan a reality.An engineer must develop ideas that will produce an effective design he must know and implement right construction methods and manners he must advise his employer as to the feasibility of the proposed project, the cost which will be entailed, and the results which will be accomplished he must investigate conditions and provide solutions to meet the needs in case problems are observed he must supervise and make sure that the work is done according to the plan and he must see to it that the works which have been created from his plan and under his supervision will properly perform its intended purpose.In order for an engineer to perform such functions, it is important for him to have skills in critical thinking, complex problem solving, operation analysis, and judgment and decision making. He must use logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems he must identify complex problems and review related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions he must be able to analyze needs and product requirements to create a design and he should consider the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.Thus, a civil engineer ought to have knowledge in mathematics to solve mathematical problems knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology and this includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and service knowledge of design techniques, tools , and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models knowledge of building and construction specifically of the materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads and the last but the least is the knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar. It is a common notion that engineers do not need so much of English language but it should also be considered that success in engineering depends as much upon the ability to present an idea convincingly as it does upon the ability to perform calculations or experiments.You may perform the most miraculous experiment in the laboratory, yet you have not contributed anything to the advancement of knowledge until you have shared your results to others. It is by means of speech and writing that the discoveries made i n the laboratories are made useful. Engineering work is not finished until the results are clearly recorded and presented to others. The everyday use of English by the engineers is to write technical reports on his work for presentation to other engineers or to the management. These reports must present the results of his investigation in an accurate and orderly manner to those immediately interested in the work, and also to acquaint executives with the progress being made on the subject. In a larger ense, the engineer has an opportunity to use English in furthering the general understanding of the economic forces at work in our civilization. It is the job of the engineer, who has the technical background, to interpret the technical facts upon which modern civilization is based into language which everyone can understand. The engineer who learns to master English and use it in these two important ways will do most to advance his chosen profession. He will be able to present his own investigations to his fellow engineers. More important still, he will be able to gain the understanding of our people who are interested in technical subjects, yet need them explained in simple language.The civil engineer has the challenge to satisfy the vital needs of the society as a global player who is able to design, build, manage and maintain complex infrastructure projects with a global approach, taking into account socio-economical and environmental interactions. He is a generalist with high competences in various fields such as structures, hydraulic schemes and energy, geotechnics and tunnelling, transportation infrastructures and systems, language and management, legal and economical aspects as well as environmental issues. Civil engineers work in multidisciplinary and very often multicultural teams. They are challenged to create the necessary infrastructures for the prosperity of the economy, hence guaranteeing the whole population an adequate standard of life.

Modesty in islam

seer Muhammad Muslims believe that Mohammad is the last and final Messenger of God to be direct to humanity. He was sent to complete the mission of the previous Messengers (including Abraham, Moses, Jesus and others) of calling multitude to believing in God and following the guidance and memorizeings of God. Muslims friendship vaticinator Mohammad as their highest role model and they aim to follow in his footsteps in all of their actions. This is why Muslims hold Prophet Mohammad in actually high regard, and argon seriously hurt when anyone tries to belittle him.Mohammad was natural in the city of Makkah in Arabia in the year 570 AD. He was an orphan, having lost his scram even before his birth, and was therefore raised by his grandfather and his uncle. Although he was from a noble family and tribe, as an orphan he had a heavy childhood. He later started to work as a trader, and through his traffic with the braggy number was known to be extremely honest and trustworthy. In fact, he was nicknamed the trustworthy by the people of Makkah. At the age of 25, Prophet Mohammad got unify to his wife Khadija.Mohammad (pbuh) always detested his peoples way of life. He did non authorize of their idol worship, nor did he approve of the lifestyle that ncluded drunkenness and illicit relations between men and women. Therefore, Mohammad (pbuh) regularly went away from the city to the desert to hypothesize life and to seclude and distance himself from the actions and lifestyle of his people. At the age of 40, Mohammad (pbuh) started to observe revelations from God through the angel Gabriel. These revelations were the word of God, conveyed to Mohammad (pbuh) through the angel Gabriel.Mohammad (pbuh) was told by God that he was chosen as a Messenger to his people, and that the revelations he was receiving were the holy Quran and they were a messege from God to all of humanity. He was also nstructed to go to sleep the substance to his people, and to memorise and guide them. The revelations continued for 23 years until suddenly before the death of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). Although Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) was known by his people as the trustworthy, many of them refused to believe in him when he started to teach his message to the people.The leaders of Makkah and the rich classes rejected the message not because they did not believe that Mohammad (pbuh) was saying the truth, and not because they did not believe that the Quran was the word of God. In fact, many of them later admitted that they had a feeling in their hearts that it was he truth. However, they rejected the message in order to protect their wealth and power. Mohammad (pbuh) taught people that all humans are equalize, regardless of race, gender, ethnicity or tribe. He taught slaves that they had rights and that they were equal to their masters.He taught that the rich must pay a portion of their wealth to the poor. Mohammad (pbuh) was a revolutionary, fghting for freedom. His mission was to free humanity from worshipping imitation idols, to free the poor from the stranglehold of the rich and to free people from the oppression imposed on them by priests of false religions. All of these teachings scared those who were in power at the time. The leaders were hunted that they impart lose their positions of power and leadership, which they had gained based only upon the false pre exse that their tribe or tamily was superior to all others.The rich were atraid that they will nave to share their wealth with the poor, even though they had collected this wealth by taking advantage of the poor. The masters were afraid that their slaves would start to ask for their rights. The priests were afraid of losing their unjust hold on peoples lives, which they were using to enrich themselves. Mohammad (pbuh) and his chase, the Muslims, were persecuted severely. They were subjected to torture, imprisonment, expulsion, economic and kindly boycotts. Many of them were kill ed because of their beliefs. But they remained patient and steadfast, and they held onto their new religion of Islam.Mohammad (pbuh) continued to teach his message to the people in secret and in public. After 13 years of enduring these conditions, the Muslims emigrated to A1-Madinah, a city more than 400 km (260 miles) north of Makkah. The Muslims established the first Muslim nation in A1-Madinah, and were ble to employ their religion freely for the first time. As the Muslims began to gain more followers and establish their power in A1-Madinah, their old enemies in Makkah became very uneasy. They dictum that the balance of power was switching in favour of the Muslims as Arab tribes started to don Islam.They attacked the Muslims and after several battles, the Muslims gained the upper hand. The Muslims then sent a large and well equipped troops to Makkah to end the attacks once and for all. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) instructed his army not to harm anyone who did not engage them in f ghting. Upon seeing the medium of the Muslim army, the people of Makkah surrendered without much fighting. The Muslims entered Makah once again, this time in a position of power. The Muslim army captured many prisoners, including many of those who had persecuted, tortured and killed Muslims for 13 years before they emigrated to A1-Medina.The prisoners were gathered in front of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). He asked them What do you think I will do to you? Knowing how they had hardened Mohammad (pbuh) and his followers, the prisoners were afraid that their fate would be death as a penalty for their crimes. However, in an ttempt to ask for leniency, one of them replied You are a kind pal and nephew to us, reminding Mohammad (pbuh) that they were his people and many of them were from the same tribe as Mohammad (pbuh).Mohammad (pbuh) replied to them You are all free to go After this point, the spread of Islam became even faster. Arab tribes began to eff to Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) one by one to declare their Islam. Within ten years, Islam had spread throughout Arabia and became one of the main powers in the Middle East. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) passed away at the age of 63, leaving behind a message and a legacy that has survived to our day. Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) accomplished his mission of delivering the message to humanity.He has leftfield us with the holy Quran (the word of God) and the Sunnah (the teachings of Mohammad (pbuh)). Through his sacrifices and those of his followers, Islam today is the largest and fast growing religion in the world. One out of every tailfin people in the world is a Muslim. It is for this reason that Michael H. Hart (an astrophysicist born in New York City in 1932), in his 1978 book The hundred A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, bedded Mohammad (pbuh) as the single most influential person in the level of the world.

Thursday, February 21, 2019

Are Standardization from Enterprise Architecture

Are calibration and conception in conflict? I have no doubt calibration and intro argon in conflict, at least(prenominal) to nearly extent, because standardization (almost by definition) reduces the amount of variation of regalees or systems simultaneously used in a company. That is the whole point of standardization. If you reduce the variation allowed in the company, consequently necessarily you would lose some knowledgeability that could have happened.I think if innovation is viewed in an evolutionary way, mass variation would be created by the local units steeringed on their individual needs and only the best innovations would e retained and scaled to the rest of the company. If all the companies departments are allowed to develop topically optimal solutions to their problems, certainly some of these variations will be better (at least for the unit) than by using a standardized software or technologies company-wide.To watch with the evolutionary theme, using any centr ally dictated standardized process would reduce the possible variation in which could be selected from the environment of each business unit. Think the better to view standardization vs.. mental home as an inescapable trade-off. Does an enterprise architecture that allows a company to increase running(a) efficiency, ease of integration, reduce development costs, duplication of systems, simplify the acquisition of brand-new modules, and sometimes vastly reduced maintenance costs worth some drop in the regularize of innovation?I would argue that is abruptly worth it in in most instances. The key is to view this as an optimal trade-off where you can retain almost all of the innovation while also increasing standardization. An Enterprise Architecture that standardizes the types of technologies used crosswise the many (PH/Dot. Net or Unix/Microsoft) is in the best interest of the company.When you by choice limit the available options of each individual business units options (such as when Timberjack fixed to use Unix and that immediately removed many otherwise eligible companies) you are going to reduce the chance of finding the perfect solution for all(prenominal) possible module. Fortunately, most companies can settle on a very(prenominal) good but not perfect solution with any of the foodstuff leading platforms without getting a major drop in innovation.Agreeing on a standardized portfolio of technologies and processes, a company can then focus its resources on take new functionality to their users without wasting so many resources exhausting to hold together a Frankincense combination of dozens of systems, technologies and processes together that work perfect in isolation. Ultimately, using more resources on bringing new functionality will increase the total value of the IT department and the rate the department can innovate. Are Standardization from Enterprise Architecture and Innovation in Conflict? By Seasonableness

Dang It’s Him Essay

Hassan considers amir as his friends, but in amirs eyes he is more than a servant, except he couldnt try for him as a friend. emir is unable to accept Hassan as a friend because he is a Hazara and in his mind, receivable to peer pres authorized, he considers Hazaras to be lower in status than he is. Amir constantly tests Hassans loyalty because he is jealous of Hassans loyalty and therefore wants him to sneak up. Amir is jealous that he doesnt treat Hassan with the trust of a friend that Hassan gives him, so he wants Hassan to slip up so he can feel like theyre equal.He resents Hassan because of the love that Baba gives him and how he never forgets Hassans birthday. His Baba always compares Hassan and him hence his Baba would mention that he is more proud of Hassan than Amir. We begin to understand betimes in the novel that Amir is constantly vying for Babas attention and oftentimes feels like an outsider in his fathers life, as seen in the following passage Hed close the door , leave me to extol why it was always grown-ups time with him. Id sit by the door, knees drawn to my chest.Sometimes I sat there for an hour, sometimes two, earreach to their laughter, their chatter. Discuss Amirs relationship with Baba. after(prenominal) hearing Amirs story, Hassan asks, Why did the man kill his wife? In fact, why did he ever have to feel sad to shed tear? Couldnt he have just smelled an onion? How does this story symbolise the difference in character between Hassan and Amir? Refer to the runner of Chapter 4. How might Babas treatment of Ali have influenced Amirs intellectual of how to treat Hassan?What moral lessons does Baba convey to Amir, and are any of them contradictory? 1. After Amir wins the kite running tournament, his relationship with Baba undergoes significant change. However, while they get to a bond of friendship, Amir is still unhappy. What causes this unhappiness and how has Baba contributed to Amirs state of mind? Eventually, the relatio nship between the two returns to the way it was in advance the tournament, and Amir laments we actually deceived ourselves into thinking that a toy made of weave paper, glue, and bamboo could somehow close the chasm between us (93).Discuss the significance of this passage. 2. As Amir remembers an Afghan celebration in which a sheep must be sacrificed, he talks about seeing the sheeps eyes moments in the beginning its death. I dont know why I consider this yearly ritual in our backyard my nightmares persist long after the bloodstains on the grass have faded. But I always put one across, I watch because of that look of acceptance in the animals eyes. Absurdly, I cogitate the animal understands.I imagine the animal sees that its imminent demise is for a higher purpose (82). Why do you think Amir recalls this remembering when he witnesses Hassans tragedy in the alleyway? Why does Amir respond the way that he does? 3. What role does Rahim Khan play in Amirs life? What are the requi rements for a true friendship? How can a friendship be damaged? Make sure to refer to a precise example from your experience AND a specific example from The Kite Runner.

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Knowledge is power

In To mean solar days confederation at that place is a debate every last(predicate) over which is stovepipe. The experience you stick from art objectners experiences or the experience you obtain in school. In construe to enounce by Malcolm X. He discusses his experience of how he taught him ego how to read and redeem maculation incarcerated, and how he interpreted to a greater extent by his self learning thence he ever did in school. In Sophies World by Jostles Gardner. Sophie gets these impertinent garner in the mail from a mysterious valet de chambrehood com existenced her to enquiry her very existence ND non to line up into accept what pursuance some unitary and only(a) else.In The Teachings of break Juan by Carols Castanets. get into Juan teaches Carols Castanets that to be a true man of acquaintance one must get the split up of mans intrinsic enemies. Although m any privates might contract different opinions on what they admit their abou t Important lesson that they would shargon, I construe the strength of fellowship to be the around signifi faecal mattert lesson one terminate learn because the former of acquaintance atomic number 50 help one vanquish all(a) odds, knowledge as well gives us the ability to to realise at the foundation in a ore all-knowing view, also knowledge stinkpot give us the former to overcome mans natural enemies.In Learning to realise, The accompaniment that Malcolm AAAS incarcerated did not cop him in becoming the influential man he was in his day. preferably of withering his intent sentence extraneous by world unproductive with his time, he chose to fill out and enlightened his mind with the likes of gentility and will mogul. While Malcolm X was In Charleston prison, he give tongue to that he was envious of the fact that a fellow inmate had a vast amount of knowledge. Immediately, Malcolm X began an intense study by construe the cautionary from beginning to nullify and nurture every single day multiple times a day.This allowed him to build the chasten caterpillar tread In his spiritedness against the odds by devising him wiser astir(predicate) his decisions with the newfound knowledge he obtained through self education. winning the right path is an individual discovery thats based on what is best for a somebody in their fact. The whole point of taking the right path against the odds is to learn from ones mistakes and instead of veering glum to a path of destruction one could walk onto a path of fertility by grasping the electropositive points n their life and dismissing the negative.Next in the admit Sophies world an anonymous soulfulness sends Sophie letters basically about broaden her mind to all the worlds possibilities and pursual that other people get hold of beside her induce. It is consequential to be well round and knowledgeable about all topics and not respectable the topics that Interest someone. Learning and having knowledge about subjects, hobbles and the mechanism of life enables a person to better understand how everything functions and oneself In the process.The power of knowledge also lets someone look at the world in a much ere written to Sophie gave her more of an object view on life because they pointed many other aspects of the world rather than her deliver. And in The Teachings of Don Juan. Don Juan said that in put in to be a man of knowledge one must dispute and defeat his natural enemies. star of the enemies he discussed is panic. aid keeps a man from knowledge because it makes him run a mien from knowledge. The consequences of premiere having the knowledge in the kickoff place is what makes a man fearful.For example, during the asses when bondage was legal in the U. S. , strivers were command to read or write and any inclination from the master of the slave doing so would get resulted in the slave being sire intemperately or some oddballs beat to death . many an(prenominal) slaves chose to submit to their master by not having knowledge of reading and pen because they were afraid of being caught and beaten. Fear prevents a person with personnel casualty make headway in knowledge by suppressing and weakening their mind. Don Juan encourages the purpose to passage of arms against fear because the power of knowledge is greater than any fear imaginable.Given these points I believe the power of knowledge is the most significant lesson one can learn because it teaches one to jump-start above being average and Just existing. Malcolm X used his power of knowledge to overcome the odds he was dealt with to become a more productive and wise person in society. The letters Sophie was receiving broadened her mind and not to questioning the existence of life and conform to everybody elses ideas. Ultimately, Don Juan used the power of knowledge to fight against his own fears and carry through greatness in his own life through that power. ex perience is power In Todays society there is a debate over which is best. The knowledge you acquire from life experiences or the knowledge you obtain in school. In Learning to Read by Malcolm X. He discusses his experience of how he taught himself how to read and write while incarcerated, and how he learned more through his self learning then he ever did in school. In Sophies World by Jostles Gardner. Sophie gets these strange letters in the mail from a mysterious man teaching her to question her very existence ND not to conform into believing what interest someone else.In The Teachings of Don Juan by Carols Castanets. Don Juan teaches Carols Castanets that to be a true man of knowledge one must defeat mans natural enemies. Although many individuals might have different opinions on what they consider their most Important lesson that they would share, I consider the power of knowledge to be the most significant lesson one can learn because the power of knowledge can help one overcom e all odds, knowledge also gives us the ability to to look at the world in a ore omniscient view, also knowledge can give us the power to defeat mans natural enemies.In Learning to Read, The fact that Malcolm AAAS incarcerated did not stop him in becoming the influential man he was in his day. Instead of wasting his life away by being unproductive with his time, he chose to expand and enlightened his mind with the likes of education and will power. While Malcolm X was In Charleston prison, he stated that he was envious of the fact that a fellow inmate had a vast amount of knowledge. Immediately, Malcolm X began an Intensive study by reading the cautionary from beginning to end and reading every single day multiple times a day.This allowed him to take the right path In his life against the odds by making him wiser about his decisions with the newfound knowledge he obtained through self education. Taking the right path is an individual discovery thats based on what is best for a perso n in their situation. The whole point of taking the right path against the odds is to learn from ones mistakes and instead of veering off to a path of destruction one could walk onto a path of fruitfulness by grasping the positive points n their life and dismissing the negative.Next in the book Sophies world an anonymous person sends Sophie letters basically about broadening her mind to all the worlds possibilities and interest that other people have beside her own. It is important to be well rounded and knowledgeable about all topics and not Just the topics that Interest someone. Learning and having knowledge about subjects, hobbles and the mechanics of life enables a person to better understand how everything functions and oneself In the process.The power of knowledge also lets someone look at the world in a more ere written to Sophie gave her more of an object view on life because they pointed many other aspects of the world rather than her own. And in The Teachings of Don Juan. Don Juan said that in order to be a man of knowledge one must challenge and defeat his natural enemies. One of the enemies he discussed is fear. Fear keeps a man from knowledge because it makes him run away from knowledge. The consequences of original having the knowledge in the first place is what makes a man fearful.For example, during the asses when slavery was legal in the U. S. , slaves were forbidden to read or write and any inclination from the master of the slave doing so would have resulted in the slave being beat severely or some cases beat to death. Many slaves chose to submit to their master by not having knowledge of reading and writing because they were afraid of being caught and beaten. Fear prevents a person with going further in knowledge by suppressing and weakening their mind. Don Juan encourages the notion to fight against fear because the power of knowledge is greater than any fear imaginable.Given these points I believe the power of knowledge is the most signi ficant lesson one can learn because it teaches one to rise above being average and Just existing. Malcolm X used his power of knowledge to overcome the odds he was dealt with to become a more productive and wise person in society. The letters Sophie was receiving broadened her mind and not to questioning the existence of life and conform to everybody elses ideas. Ultimately, Don Juan used the power of knowledge to fight against his own fears and achieve greatness in his own life through that power.Knowledge is power In Todays society there is a debate over which is best. The knowledge you acquire from life experiences or the knowledge you obtain in school. In Learning to Read by Malcolm X. He discusses his experience of how he taught himself how to read and write while incarcerated, and how he learned more through his self learning then he ever did in school. In Sophies World by Jostles Gardner. Sophie gets these strange letters in the mail from a mysterious man teaching her to que stion her very existence ND not to conform into believing what interest someone else.In The Teachings of Don Juan by Carols Castanets. Don Juan teaches Carols Castanets that to be a true man of knowledge one must defeat mans natural enemies. Although many individuals might have different opinions on what they consider their most Important lesson that they would share, I consider the power of knowledge to be the most significant lesson one can learn because the power of knowledge can help one overcome all odds, knowledge also gives us the ability to to look at the world in a ore omniscient view, also knowledge can give us the power to defeat mans natural enemies.In Learning to Read, The fact that Malcolm AAAS incarcerated did not stop him in becoming the influential man he was in his day. Instead of wasting his life away by being unproductive with his time, he chose to expand and enlightened his mind with the likes of education and will power. While Malcolm X was In Charleston prison , he stated that he was envious of the fact that a fellow inmate had a vast amount of knowledge. Immediately, Malcolm X began an Intensive study by reading the cautionary from beginning to end and reading every single day multiple times a day.This allowed him to take the right path In his life against the odds by making him wiser about his decisions with the newfound knowledge he obtained through self education. Taking the right path is an individual discovery thats based on what is best for a person in their situation. The whole point of taking the right path against the odds is to learn from ones mistakes and instead of veering off to a path of destruction one could walk onto a path of fruitfulness by grasping the positive points n their life and dismissing the negative.Next in the book Sophies world an anonymous person sends Sophie letters basically about broadening her mind to all the worlds possibilities and interest that other people have beside her own. It is important to be well rounded and knowledgeable about all topics and not Just the topics that Interest someone. Learning and having knowledge about subjects, hobbles and the mechanics of life enables a person to better understand how everything functions and oneself In the process.The power of knowledge also lets someone look at the world in a more ere written to Sophie gave her more of an object view on life because they pointed many other aspects of the world rather than her own. And in The Teachings of Don Juan. Don Juan said that in order to be a man of knowledge one must challenge and defeat his natural enemies. One of the enemies he discussed is fear. Fear keeps a man from knowledge because it makes him run away from knowledge. The consequences of first having the knowledge in the first place is what makes a man fearful.For example, during the asses when slavery was legal in the U. S. , slaves were forbidden to read or write and any inclination from the master of the slave doing so would have resulted in the slave being beat severely or some cases beat to death. Many slaves chose to submit to their master by not having knowledge of reading and writing because they were afraid of being caught and beaten. Fear prevents a person with going further in knowledge by suppressing and weakening their mind. Don Juan encourages the notion to fight against fear because the power of knowledge is greater than any fear imaginable.Given these points I believe the power of knowledge is the most significant lesson one can learn because it teaches one to rise above being average and Just existing. Malcolm X used his power of knowledge to overcome the odds he was dealt with to become a more productive and wise person in society. The letters Sophie was receiving broadened her mind and not to questioning the existence of life and conform to everybody elses ideas. Ultimately, Don Juan used the power of knowledge to fight against his own fears and achieve greatness in his own life through that power.Knowledge is index numberThe differences in cultural beliefs and traditions resulted in the difficulty of Cambodian migrants in adjusting to the modus vivendi in the joined States. However, due to the way American culture affects the way these people live, gradual changes had been seen. It is through this that we see a shift in the perception of Cambodian refugees concerning different things. In the end, such(prenominal) redefinition of concepts and knowledge cemented the southeastern United States Asians into the American wel far-offe state.Looking at the come in presented by Ong, there are indeed drastic changes and a gradual shift as far as knowledge is concerned within the parameters of refugees living in the United States. Seeing these there are two (2) ways in which the ware of knowledge increase which in turn cemented the role of South einsteinium Asians in the region. First, is that it created an opportunity for the acculturation process to happen among Cambodian immigrants in the United States. Seeing the catastrophe in Cambodia, residents sought to look for places that their security system and stability can be assured. By raising their arms, they elected to go to America, the home of freedom and wealth, far away from the demented Pol jackpot regime, the chaos, poverty, and political uncertainty of Cambodia. (Ong, 2003)The obvious problem that can be seen during the first entry of Cambodians in the United States was the issue of adjusting to the different norms and practices by the state. The most obvious difficulties faced by Cambodian refugees in the United States have to do with intergenerational conflicts, shifting sexuality norms and opportunities, problems of economic marginalization, and problems of racial discriminationall of which are mediated by state interventions in making these immigrants into well behaved citizens. (AESonline.org, 2006) Though such case may be problematic, it solidified the study needed and the requirem ents set to become integrated into the state.Another problem within the realms of acculturation is the shifting of power by those who speak the language at to those who do not. The change in power relations between parents and children led to children being frustrated with parents not being able to help them with homework. (Vang, 2004, p.2) Another issue that can be analyzed in the situation is the role of both men and women stinky-temperedly among Cambodian refugees. For men and women, welfare dependency increased womens power relative to mens (Vang, 2004, p.2)Also, there is the case of trying to cope and adjust to the service providers that caters to the services of both refugees and immigrants. By having the right to intervene in domestic disputes and to set new norms of gender behavior, service workers were able to redefine refugee ethnicity morally, a process that also legitimized their victor domination over impoverished, disadvantaged, and racialized Americans (Ong, p.167) This in turn created a spectrum of actions among the service providers as a means of acculturating the Cambodian immigrants/ refugees. Similarly, the involvement of social workers in family life results for some in new opportunities for restructuring domestic gender and generational dynamics, whereas for others, it becomes a means of reinforcing traditional relations of hierarchy and community.The second reason is that the employment of knowledge also legitimized the role of Cambodian refugees in the society. This means that these people, after(prenominal) the adjustment process became part of the overall dynamics and processes in the American society. Such authority resulted in the refugees having to define and redefine themselves to fit into particular categories in order to obtain resources for survival. (Vang, 2004, p.2)However, the legitimization only serves as a support for every citizenry and for the part of the minority this means very little. Yes, such actions may seem b eneficial in the way that they can acquire services from the welfare state, but overall the treatment among immigrants is the same as of blacks and other minorities. It also appears that assumptions about the black and Hispanic underclass drab the teachers expectations about the precariousness of the refugees self-sufficiency, the limited kinds of jobs they could potentially fill, and their need for social field of operation on arrival on the American mainland (Ong, 2003, p.84)In the end, such knowledge of the situation paved the way for the development of new understandings and practices that is only unique to Cambodian refugees. It created a new avenue for changes that both showcased the good side and bad side of things. The dynamics of cultural activity are presented by Ong in the book and such creatively served the way Southeast Asians became part of the American society and culture.ReferencesAESonline.org. (2006) Buddha is Hiding Refugee, Citizenship, The New America.Ong, A. (2003) Buddha Is Hiding Refugees, Citizenship, the New America. CaliforniaSeries in populace Anthropology, vol. 5. (Berkeley and London University of California Press)Vang, C.Y. (2004) Buddha is Hiding Refugee, Citizenship, The New America. Review.