Sunday, March 31, 2019

Reckitt Benckiser plc

Reckitt Benckiser plcHistoryIn 1814 Jeremiah Colman begins factorying flour and mustard in Norwich, UK. Jeremiah then diversifies in the mid-century into starch, wheat flour and backwash blue. Johann A. Benckiser founded Benckiser in 1823 from industrial chemicals. Isaac Reckitt rented and then later bought a starch mill in hull in 1848. He diversified into other sign of the zodiac products and became the owner of starch, washing blue and black pinch for polishing. After his stopping point his four sons took his place. Then in 1888 Reckitt Sons was early launched on the capital of the United Kingdom demarcation Exchange.Reckitt Sons merged with J J Colman to become Reckitt Colman Ltd in 1938 and then ultimately in 1999 Reckitt Colman plc and Benckiser N.V. merged to become Reckitt Benckiser plc The worlds no. 1 in residence hold cleaning.IntroductionReckitt Benckiser plc is a United Kingdom based society which was formed with the merger of Reckitt Colman, plc. and Ben ckiser N.V. Reckitt Benckiser Inc. manufactures grocery stores and sells household, cleaning and specialty food products in nitrogen America. These products include LYSOL cleaners and disinfectants, RESOLVE cleaners, SPRAYNWASH laundry stain rem all overs and FRENCHS mustard.Reckitt Benckiser plc is one of the worlds star(p) manufacturers of cleaning products and a member of the FTSE 100 index of the largest companies traded on the London Stock Exchange. It is headquartered in the town of Slough just to the west of greater London.Reckitt Benckiser has operations in much than sixty countries and sells its products in more than clxxx countries. Turnover for the course of instruction to 31 celestial latitude 2004 was 3,871 million. Profits forward taxation were 770 million, and final net profits were 586 million. The corporation straines on high margin products and has shown industrial-strength growth in earnings per share in recent years. At 31 August 2005, it had a mark et capitalisation of 12.4 billion.Vision and prospective StrategyAccording to Reckitt Benckiser, We are a truly global company with a consumer- oriented vision, with operations in 60 countries, gross sales in 180 countries and et revenues in excess of 4 billion The vision is to stormily deliver better solutions in household cleaning and health, personal charge of the ultimate purpose of creating shareholders value. Reckitt Benckiser has an exciting future where the people and the companys brands tooshie continue to deliver useful growth to the benefit of employees and shareholders. The main schema is to focus on household cleaning, to maintain a clear strategy for profitable top line growth, plan and define the computer programme for improved pecuniary returns and to develop a strong focused team. The organisations vision is likewise to concur delivering better products to consumers that improve their lives at crucial moments and specially to drive sales growth through focus and constant innovation while optimising be to expand margins and profits. Way of working in Reckitt Benckiser is open and direct. Nothing is sacred. Thats the mien they subscribe built market leading brands across the world. They challenge apiece other in an open and direct way, sharing ideas, solutions and best practice. They carry people who recognize the need to beat the competition every conviction just who understand that the competition doesnt include their colleagues. They look for diverse characters that set forth off severally other, are creative and concede fresh thinking.environmental AnalysisReckitt Benckiser is dedicated to cart track its line of products in a responsible, environmentally sound and sustainable manner. It is recognized that Reckitts passagees and products have both direct and mediate environmental impacts.v political and LegalBusiness decisions are likewise influenced by political and legal absorbs, which determine the rules by wh ich short letter is pass oned. Political forces play a major role in international markets, where decisions by government can often have profound implications for companies. David Jobber second Edition Political action, then, in the form of legislation and less formal directives, can have a profound influence on duty conduct. Reckitt and Benckiser perhaps more than any organisation reacts to the political and legal situations. Spread in 60 countries Reckitt and Benckiser has to take care of different policies and government laws in each of the different expanse. Policy Reports 2006 The household and health personal care industry is firmly regulated by, inter alia, the European Union, the United States government and individual country governments elsewhere. Ingredients, manufacturing standards, labour standards, product safety, marketing and advertising claims are all musical theme to detailed and developing regulation.Reckitt and Benckiser publish its annual financial stat ements in sterling(prenominal) but conducts business in many foreign currencies. As a sequel, it is subject to foreign currency exchange risk due to the do that exchange rate movements have on the translation of the results and the cardinal final assets of its foreign subsidiaries.v EcologicalReckitt and Benckiser has a real commitment of running their business in a responsible, environmentally sound and sustainable manner. The strategy is to realise the opportunities and manage the risks that arise from the environmental impacts of the business in vagabond to achieve continuous improvement in our environmental act and d black close towards environmental sustainability.Its is a wise project of the business to plant more than two million trees in over 15 square kilometres of cutting forests and to make more than 8 billion products which will be produces globally from coke neutral. Simeon Goldstien 2007v TechnologicalReckitt and Benckiser is increasingly building a business that they can be proud of. The products and the business are a force for good in the world. This includes powerful and developing track record on sustainability through initiatives such as the Trees for Change programme on carbon reduction, or the reduce energy and water programme on mechanical dishwashing.The business is planning to get more of the recent available technologies in order to improve production methods of the company that will later result into higher sale and our brand will be able to repugn other brands available in the market. In 2006 our factory commissioned the phoners first solar panel which is working alongside the highly efficient feature Heat and Power energy plant. some other plant was setup in South Korea at Reckitt and Benckiser factory iksan. Re upstartable energy is helping the cheek to meet and exceed their target of a 20 % reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from out manufacturing energy use by 2010. Accounts 2006v SocialReckitt Benckiser rec ognises its accountability to the club in which it operates and seeks to actively harbour and enrich these communities. Our community involvement policy sets out the broad principles through which we support community work throughout our operations. Our annual intelligence serviceletter on our community involvement demonstrates how we are turning these principles into action and reservationThere should be a positive contribution to the societies in which we live and work. Reckitt Benckiser continues to invest over 1 million per year towards projects that really make a disagreement to people in the communities in which we operate virtually the world. As considerably as the company providing much needed financial support, our people also give unselfishly of their time on a range of projects that support those who can benefit from some help and support.v EconomicalThe un-audited financial information is prepared in conformity with the Listing Rules of the Financial work Autho rity and on the basis of the IFRS story policies that the Directors intend to use in the 2006 annual report. This basis is subject to amendment by the International accounting Standards mount (IASB). The Directors have chosen not to early adopt International Accounting Standard 34 Interim Financial Reporting (IAS 34). Consequently the financial information in this interim report is not presented in accordance with IAS 34.This consolidated financial information has been prepared under the historical apostrophize convention, as modified by the revaluation of financial assets and liabilities at pleasure ground value through the Group income statement subject to the Groups hedge accounting policies.The results and net assets of the Groups subsidiary in Zimbabwe have been excluded from the consolidated Group results. This is on the basis that the Group does not consider the Zimbabwean business to be a subsidiary due to the loss of power to govern the financial and operating policies of the Zimbabwean business and to the restrictions on remitting funds out of the country. Results for 2005 (half and adept year) and 2006 half year, and the balance sheets as at 30 June 2005, 31 December 2005 and 30 June 2006, were insignificant.RisksThe Companys new product pipeline may not generate consumer- relevant innovation and improvement to fuel growth and build market shares. There are possibilities that management turnover might significantly increase. Another possibility that information technology systems may be disrupted or may fail, despite the companys disaster recovery processes, interfering with the Companys ability to conduct its business. Customers, mainly large retailers, may decide to de-list the Companys brands, or not go in in the active promotion of the brands through in-store programmes.Product Quality preventive is very essential and failures in product quality controls could voltagely lead to damage to the reputation of and trust in the Companys bran ds. Most product and raw material supply chains present a number of potential reputation risks relating to labour standards, raw material sourcing, and the social, ethical and environmental performance of the third party manufacturers and suppliers.There should be effective recruitment process in order to attract the best from the market. They should introduce compensation program to retain the valued employees by market competitive salary, incentives, bonuses and protective programs. study programs are very essential in all type of business they should carry out training to the employees for continuous development of employee skills.RecommendationsThe following recommendations have been recommended after a thorough analysis of the EnvironmentDecision making at Reckitt Benckiser should be decentralized. On company platform each section is concern in decisions related to products. For example in case of new product launch, cost surgical incision determines the cost of new product, marketing department decides if it can sell the product at the given price. Suppliers are tough if they can provide the raw materials for the new product and distributors are involved to effectively distribute the product. Thus each department is involved but participation of the finance department is fundamental because if the cost calculated for the new product is too high accounting department would give the little decision of not launching the product no matter how advanced(a) the initial idea was.ConclusionBased on the strength of the business they expect net revenue growth for the full year of around 15% at constant exchange (base 4,179m) and are upgrading their targeted adjusted net income growth (base 653m) to 14%, at actual exchange.Net revenues grew 18% (15% constant) to 2,386m.The underlying business (excluding BHI) grew 8% (6% constant). BHI contributed net revenues of 204m. Restructuring costs for the BHI acquisition were 57m. Operating profit as reported increased 6% to 367m. Operating profit before restructuring charges increased 23% to 424m. Net income as reported was 3% note at 261m. Earnings per share for the period were 1% lower at 35.5 pence. Net income before restructuring increased 13% to 303m. EPS diluted, before restructuring grew 15% to 41.2p. specie generated from operations increased 30% to 616m. Net borrowings at the half year were 795m. The interim dividend will be increased 14% to 20.5 pence per share and the Company is committed to its 300m share buyback program this year. Annual Report 2006List of ReferencesAccounts 2006http//www.reckittbenckiser.com/Sites/annual_report_2006/ range/alternate/rb_txt_changeit.htmlPolicy Reports 2006http//www.reckittbenckiser.com/RBTemplates/CorporateResponsibilityReports.aspx?pageid=262David Jobber, Principles of Marketing, Second Edition.Business and Human rightshttp//www.business-humanrights.org/Categories/Individualcompanies/R/ReckittBenckiserSimeon Goldstien 2007http//www.packagingnews. co.uk/news/764320/Reckitt-Benckiser-combat-consumer-carbon-use/Word Count 1,911

Stereotypes Of The Feminists In Markets Sociology Essay

Stereotypes Of The Feminists In Markets Sociology EssayWhen somebody mentions the word womens lib it practic eachytimes sparks stereotypical chaff surrounding unattractive women who cant get a man, main(prenominal)ly runed up up by theater of operationsive political publishing. In reality what was achieved by womens liberationists throughout the 19th, 20th and 21st century has paved the room for a more intellectual and emotional acceptance of women in modern society. When we reason the subject of feminism we automatically begin to consider the work of radical, Marxist and liberal womens liberationists, but in order to understand the thoughts and feelings of this enlightening subject we must observe the work of not wholly feminists but otherwise theorists, in an attempt to analyse the changing views of women from the 1960s onwards. The start of the knowledgeable novelty remains prominent within our discussion, and throughout this essay we impart refer to academic mat erial in an attempt to educate ourselves on the thoughts and theories of the changing knowledgeableity of women from the first wave of feminism onwards.landmark concord the second sex offered women an existential and intellectual framework where by women could bypass d bear the barriers of social conditioning and take control of their feature lives and sexual urge, her renowned words mavin is not born a woman, one becomes one offered an iconic phrase which would help support the movement of the sexual revolution of the 1960s.The sexual politics which took place throughout the 1960s and mid-seventies cannot be discussed without talking about the highly publicised second wave of feminism. The combination of student protests and medically prescribed contraceptives do it possible for women to own their own sexuality and move away from the confinement of sexual pleasure in the boundaries of a heterosexual marriage (Escoffier, 2003). The previous century has been that of a burge ss one, where sexuality was held on the strict basis of a heterosexual family (Ollman, 1979). Marxist writer William Reich offered a revolutionary sexual radicalism which argued that capitalism sexually quash the masses in the interest of its exploitative goals (Ollman, 1979).Betty Friedan (1963) is often referred to as the arrest of the movement. When her book the feminine mystique was published in 1963 she discussed the roles of women in industrial societies, whose main aim was to fulfil the stifling role of home bedevilr for women these conventional roles were often deemed unsatisfying emotionally, intellectually and withal sexually, as she quoted no woman gets an climax from shining the kitchen floor (Womens History, 2011). Betty Friedan (1963) was also noted for criticising Freuds theory known as penis envy along with feminist writerK arn Horney (Hichcock, 2005). Horney describes how it is men who are adversely affected by their inability to bear children, she referred to this as uterus envy, and Freud saw Horneys theory as beingness a striking eccentric of her own personal penis envy (Hitchcock, 2005). Horney and other feminist theorists lead gone on to describe Freuds work as condescending and malformed surrounding his opinion of women being inferior to men (Hitchcock, 2005).Many feminist writers gained a high level of interest in the work of Foucault (1978) whose work is highly prevalent when discussing sexuality of the 1970s and power (Hekman, 1996). Foucault (1978) argued that sexuality was set and controlled. His theory of the body and sexuality has allowed feminists to appropriate it due to the consequences of drawing a distinction between sex and gender, which allows us to challenge the root that a womens biological make up is her social destiny (Foucault, 1978). The views of sexuality alter greatly from the 1960s onwards. It was a period of high criticism of the pompous heterosexual practices of sex, and the liberation of gay men an d lesbians meant at that place was a validating control of identity (Escoffier, 2003). The gay liberation challenged the essentialist view of the natural sex, even so for many gay and lesbian activists sexual exploration was not the save goal the importance was recognition for the need to change. Essentialist theorists argue that sexuality has a reproductive function and how vaginal intercourse is seen as the sex (Duggan, hunter, 1995).By observing Foucaults (1978) literature the record of sexuality we can see an anti-essentialist consider of the sexual body. Foucault (1978) argued that the construct of the natural sex functions in order to inter the productive operation of power in relation to human sexuality. found on Foucaults (1978) work, Judith butler (1990) discusses that the notion of natural sex naturalises the regulatory idea of natural good faith which then goes on to reinforce constraints on sexuality. McNay (1992) outlines how Foucaults history of sexuality expo ses the contingent and socially determined nature of sexuality. McNay (1992) argues that this frees the body, allowing the breakdown of good faith and the emergence of new realms of pleasure.Much of the debates surrounding sexuality during the 1960s and 1970s were viewed as having a large emphasis of the theories of pleasure and power. On the way into the 1980s the importance for feminists shifted onto the subject of the degrading acts towards women through the process of sado-masochism, smut and prostitution (Strud, 2010). Feminists throw been noted for arguing that pornography works in the exploitation of women which in turn contributes to the male objectification of women and sexism (Strud, 2010).A prominent learn in the anti-pornography movement was Andrea Dworkin, a feminist who aligned herself with the far-right movement (Strud, 2010). Dworkin and her fellow radical feminists characterised pornography as an industry of damaging abuse, and frequently discussed prostitution as a system of severe exploitation (Strud,2010). Dworkin also suggested that heterosexual intercourse is a key factor in the domination of patriarchy (Strud, 2010). Third wave feminists known as lipstick feminists made attempts to reclaim sexual power (Duggan, Hunter, 1995). They argued that dressing provocatively and maintaining sexual seduce empowers women, it is also suggested that these feminists did not see a conflict between stripping, exhibitionism, girl-on-girl displays or pornography with feminism (Duggan, Hunter, 1995).A criticism of the terce wave is often how it came about. The first and second wave are acknowledged as flood tide from a period where the main aim at hand were womens rights, it was a period where politics were intertwined with socialisation (Agger, 1992). The third wave which is also refereed to as the feminist sex wars rose from the popular culture of punk rock, consumerism and the consanguinity of modern technologies and outlets such as mobile te lephony and the internet (Agger, 1992). It has been discussed how there is often tension between the second and third wave of feminism due to the methods used to gain attention for serious causes. However when these are observed we can elucidate that the methods used, such as lipstick feminists sexual allure or Riot Grrrl bands political anarchist lyrics, they can be deemed appropriate for the fast chaning modern culture of the 1980s and 1990s (Leonard, 1997). close to people think little girls should be seen and not heard, but I think Oh bondage up yours, lyrics sang by Poly Styrene of roentgen ray Spex (1977), one of the distaff punk rock bands who were part of the feminist revolution movement. As can be observed bymany of the lyrics of such bands, there is a level of sexual empowerment in the female spring chicken of the 1980s and 1990s. Riot Grrrls were seen to not meet the needs of all women, mainly due to the white middle class youth druthers (Agger, 1992). Riot Grrrls w ere seen to succeed in the all overturning of the male hegemonic punk culture, Turn the tables with our unity- They neither moral nor majority Wake up and smell the coffee Or just say no to individuality quoted by L7 (1992), this supports the sense of participation felt among young girls, who felt a sense of alienation from mainstream culture (Leonard, 1997).A prominent band in the Riot Grrrl movement was two-piece suit Kill (1998), there powerful, political and sexual songs featured heavily in the popular culture of American youth feminism, with lyrics such as safe cause my world, sweet sister, is so fucking goddamn full of disgrace does that mean my body must always be a informant of pain. Christine Hoff Sommers (1994) discusses women who have betrayed feminism, she talks about an article written by Roiphe in the New York Times Sunday Magazine. In the article Roiphe accuses feminists of defining baffle to include any kind of sex a woman experiences as negative (Sommers, 1994). This could be seen as challenging for feminists who were attempting to educate girls that sex without their live with constitutes as rape. Although Riot Grrrls did not achieve any radical changes for women, they were seen to make differences on a more individual level, supporting the female youth on issues such as sexual abuse and rape, which are seen as important factors in the subject of female sexual empowerment (Agger, 1992).Duggan and Hunter (1995) discussed that the controversial sex wars which focussed on debates surrounding political and ethnic battles over sexuality in the 1980s and 1990s, also characterised key feminist debates of the second wave. The false stereotypes of feminists such as anti-male, fat, humourless, bra-burning were seen to be actively challenged in the third wave (Hollows, Moseley, 2006). It is also discussed that some of what is currently referred to as third wave feminism is indistinguishable from popularised atheoretical post feminism Michell e Goldberg (2001) describes this as shop and fucking. We can observe by this that where third wave feminists viewed their actions as being methods of sexual control politically and culturally, early theorists and feminists conduced their behaviour was un-intellectual and made important issues void by allowing them to revolve around hotter-sex, designer shoes, intimidating habiliment and expensive make-up (Hollows, Moseley, 2006).The acknowledgement of theorists and feminists has allowed us a deeper insight into the views of sexuality from the 1960s onwards. What is interesting is how different feminist theories began to differ in aims on the way into the 1980s. The common aim had been to liberate women from the societal constraints, not only in public places but also in the privacy of their own home. There remained hitherto a range of strong views surrounding heterosexuality and the mystery of the female orgasm, with the liberation of gay men, lesbian women and straight women sexu ally, the traditional theories, such as essentialism were challenged. The changes made by feminists cannot be denied, changes that span over decades and in some cases centuries, it is easy totake for granted the sexual immunity that can be experienced by women in modern society, however when we observe feminist history we can begin to understand the sacrifices that have been made on behalf of women and the empowerment of female sexuality. This is their legacy.Word Count 1,922

Saturday, March 30, 2019

Solving Problems And Making Decisions

solution Problems And Making DecisionsSitesPower is a cookery institute specialized in providing expert courses in IT and courses in backing Management fields. It is based in Dubai and with a branch in Sharjah. It has been approved by the UAE Ministry of Education and it is an approved and licence institute from awarding bodies like ILM, Autodesk, and Microsoft etc. whose courses and preparednesss ar delivered in the institute.As a flight simulator in SitesPower, I provide cultivation courses in ICDL, Microsoft Office Applications (2007-2010), and a wide range of certified courses in Business Management to deliver specific skills that assimilators need. Also, I accomplish a administer of tasks assigned to me by my manager, and that requires a lot of cartridge holder, effort and preparation to empty those tasks on time.Trainers reflexion well-nigh worrys in pedagogy programs, but much or less of these problems argon frequent and sometimes worrying, such as problems of students failing in the ICDL trial runs, and delay in receiving the certificate due to students repeating the course or not world able to complete the course.Before talking slightly this issue, I will explain through the following chart the administrative and organizational structure of the training centre SitesPower Sharjah branch in which I work therePresent situation (Analysis of the problem)The International computer private road License Course (ICDL) is the intimately important certificate for a hulking number of employees or trade seekers, particularly in government jobs in the United Arab Emirates. For this reason, the demand for this certificate has increased over m whatsoever old age and has become a key requirement for employment in many companies. Beca purpose of its enormousness, the candidates enrol in our training centre programs and attend ICDL classes for the preparation for ICDL tests so as not to be an obstacle to access to jobs or losing their re ceived jobs. The main problem that we face with these courses is the tribulation of some students in the ICDL tryouts, and thereof they will not own the certificate or causing a delay to observe the certificate due to repetition of the course or the mental testing, which leads to a major embarrassment and might lose job opportunities. premier(prenominal) of all, I will explain the components of the ICDL sessions, rules and how to obtain the certificate in indian lodge to understand the ca maps of students besides-ran in the interrogations.ICDL Course consists of the following ModulesIT (Information Technology)Using Computer and Managing Files (Operating System)Word Processor (Microsoft Word)Spread Sheets (Microsoft Excel)Database (Microsoft Access)Presentations (Microsoft PowerPoint)Web browsing and Communication (Internet adventurer Outlook Express)This course duration is seven weeks, i.e. average of 9 hours for separately module. The candidate must pass the exam asse ssments for each module to obtain the certificate. Exams are provided on the web through a software program, and its files contains exercises shown on a computer screen and questions bar shown on the screen with a time calculator to calculate the time required to complete the test. The Exam timing prescribed for each subject is 45 minutes. Questions are categorize into groups according to the exam module, but the numbers of questions for each module are 36 questions. The Candidate should consequence these questions within 45 minutes and has to get the rate of 75% or more to pass in the exam.establish on the preceding(prenominal), the main problem I encounter during teaching and training students for the exam is some repetition in these certification exams and this will take up negatively on the students and too on the training centre and its employees. on that point are many reasons that I will clarify them later, some of these reasons areInefficient trainee using the computer Inability to concentrate during the rag and gum olibanum no interaction with the instructor. wish of opportunity to review the material and training tests on these exams.The student may not be able to answer all questions within the time allocated for the exam.Student may face a problem in understanding the wording of the question.There are reasons joined to the technical aspects of the ICDL Exams online, hardware and software used may affect the go out of the exam and cause the failure of the student.We can classify the above mentioned problems into twain categoriesFirst Expected problemsProblems associated with weak efficiency trainee in using the computer, Exam system, and inability of the trainee to answer all questions within the limited time. These problems occur continuously, and we face them in every training session includingNumber of students enrolled in the training course.Difference in the level of competencies and comprehension of the trainees in using the computer . number Unexpected problemsThe technical problems associated with the exam system, the computer used by the trainee during the exam or software used by trainee to answer questions. These problems occur a few(prenominal) and only appear during the exam, but may cause either knock back the exam or failure of the trainee and thus give him a encounter to repeat the exam a descend.The problems that I mentioned earlier, both expected and unexpected adversely affect everyone.First of all The candidate will be bear on by these problems due to the failure and delay in receiving the certificate, which means losing job opportunities or may lead to termination of employment. Other candidates will overly be affected by these problems because of their fear from making the same mistakes and problems that build occurred with their colleagues and thus will affect their self-confidence and possibly lead to failure as well.Secondly these problems might also affect the training centre, as it m ay lead to bad reputation of the training centre as it was unable to address the problems of the trainees and its inability to help the candidate wreak these problems and run into their success in the exam.Thirdly These problems will also affect the trainer in winning part of the responsibility for the failure of the trainee.One of the most important goals that I am trying to achieve through firmness these problems mentioned above and in cooperation with the management is to help the trainees to achieve their objective to be certified by developing their computer skills to look getting that certificate. by dint of achieving the objective of the trainees, training centre will achieve its goal and gain a special position among the other accredited training centres in the region.The failure to take any actions to address these problems that I have mentioned above and solve them, will lead to increase the gap betwixt the trainees and the training centre and unable to achieve the training centres goals and the trainees objectives.Investigation and identification of practical solutions to the problemWhen I started my job at the centre in 2006, as a trainer, I was assigned to give ICDL courses and train candidates on the ICDL make exams. A lot of candidates joined our training centre programs at that time to get the ICDL certificate. Some of them faced many problems in the exams and failed to get the certificate. During that time, I didnt realize the reasons of those candidates who were failing in the exams.Gathering the informationAfter a few months, the management asked me to start monitoring ICDL exams due to lack of exams testers. tho I had to be qualified first in order to be authorized as a tester to monitor these exams. Therefore, I took a training course in the ICDL office in Dubai Internet urban center on how to monitor and solve problems that might occur during the exams. After fetching this course, I had started to understand and analyse the r easons for why candidates were failing in these exams and also to know the nature of ICDL questions. And analyse historical records of exams and result reports. After erudite this, I decided to help candidates to overcome all problems of the exams plus for being an exam tester.In Summary, I gathered the information about the problem from the following sourcesMy evaluation of the candidates skills during the lectures.Monitoring the ExamsReports of the ExamsEvaluation of Possible SolutionsFishbone is a track of analysing problems Super Series from ILMBased on the information gathered above, I have decided to use the Fishbone Tool to analyse this issue by identifying the main reasons and the subsets as shown in the diagram belowProblems in the meshing systemDifficult terms set out in some exam questionsLack of maintenance of devices before the exam by computer techniciansErrors in the booking of exams for candidatesProblems in the live exam systemProblems in the hardware and softwa re in the users computerThe difference between the candidates in their skillsThe number of candidates in the ICDL courseno interaction with the instructor during the lectureNo preparation prior to examLack of practicing on bemock examsLack of computer skillsCauses of student failure in ICDL ExamsCandidatesICDL CourseEquipmentEmployees give way Exam SystemBy using the Fishbone analysis tool, I managed to pull in all the reasons that might cause the students failure in the exams. After that, I conducted a survey among the candidates in a scale of pertain and importance from (1-5), where (No.1 is very weak) and (No. 5 very strong)Identify the areas of improvement that can amend the overall performance of the candidate in the exam.To know the level of impact on the students failure in the examsNo.The Reason of student failure in the ICDL Exams123451Weakness in skills, and incompetence and inability to use computer by trainee31.58%10.53%21.05%15.79%21.05%2No enough time allocated for training on the institutionalize exams at home or at office15.79%10.53%15.79%31.58%26.32%3 little time of training on the sample exams in the classroom47.37%10.53%36.84%5.263%4The inability to interact with the instructor and the inability to understand his explanation of the modules31.58%31.58%15.79%21.05%5Uncertainty, and lack of understanding of examination program and not knowing how to use it during the exam by the student26.32%26.32%31.58%5.263%10.53%6Lack of understanding of exam question because of the barrier of the terms used in the exam26.32%21.05%21.05%21.05%10.53%7Exam time is not enough36.84%15.79%31.58%5.263%10.53%8 proficient problems associated with the exam software21.05%15.79%31.58%26.32%5.263%9Technical problems related with the computer user in the exam or technical problem in its software.36.84%26.32%21.05%10.53%5.263%10Lack of the trainer experience and skills89.47%10.53%11ICDL Books and materials47.37%21.05%5.263%10.53%15.79%Depend on the result shown in t he table above I discovered that the most important reasons of student failure in the ICDL Exams wereWeakness in skills, and incompetence and inability to use computer by traineeNo enough time allocated for training on the practice exams at home or at officeTechnical problems associated with the exam softwareLack of understanding of exam question because of the difficulty of the terms used in the examRecommended implementation plan to solve problemAccording to the results mentioned above, I have recommended to management the idea of pickings the advantages of some features that we got form ICDL office, like booking for candidates ICDL exams at convenient and also provide them with practice exam separate.In addition, I have firm some other actions that would help solving these problems. These actions consist of the following points meet the number of candidates in each session with maximum number of 12 candidates.Increase the number of scheduled hours for each subject if necessary, and making more practices in the class.Provide each student with practice exam cards with 20 hours training to conduct the necessary training before the exam either in their offices, homes or even in the training centre. justify the exam system for students at the beginning of each session, providing them with important advices and guidelines to ensure their success in the exam.Aware candidates of the importance of the exam timing, and the importance of tell the questions quickly.Getting help from the computer technician during candidate taking the ICDL exams, to resolve any technical problem that appears during the test.Update the computers and replacing the old one with hot one.Making a routine and regular check on the computers, and specially before the ICDL exams.Print the result report of the student after taking the exam when necessary, in order to study the wrong answers with the student to obviate these mistakes next time.After applying these recommendations, and monito red its effectiveness and impact, we managed toIncrease the success rate of the ICDL exams. burn the percentage of the problems appearing in these exams to the minimum.Improve the performance of the candidates using of computers. arrange self-confidence of trainees in the exams.Following table show the different between ICDL Results through three years 2011 2012 -2013201120122013 (January)Pass42.85714%70.58824%71.42857%Fail57.142857%29.411765%28.571429%

Friday, March 29, 2019

The Dead Poets Society By Peter Weir

The knackered Poets troupe By Peter WeirNeil Perry is a overconfident and popular student who excels in his studies. He is wholesome- ilkd by both his peers and teachers and is a natural breather. Inspired by his passionate English teacher, Mr Keating, he re- stooles the nonviable Poets Society. This cross-files that he is prep atomic arrive 18d to ch exclusively t old(a)enge the domesticateingdayss ascendence. Neils aspirations to baffle an actor be snuffed by his controlling tacking baffle who ref procedures to give Neil any choice nearly his future. As a result, Neil commits suicide at the end of the film.- Todd Ander give-and-takeTodd is a unsure and introspective student who is new to Welton Academy. Todds older br otherwise was a previous valedictory speaker of Welton and both the tame and his p arnts clearly take a shit heights expectations of him. An obedient and c atomic military issue 18ful young man, Todd tries hard to please his teachers but lac ks confidence at the begin of the film and this prevents him from reaching his potential. However, both Neil and Mr Keating support and encourage him and he because develops considerably as a quality. At the end of the film, he is the mien to the highest degree student to condense on his desk in support of Mr Keating.- Knox OverstreetThough incertain and academic solelyy focussed at the author of the film, Knox develops considerably as a result of his inchoate affinity with Chris. Romantic and idealistic, he pursues Chris relent littlely, applying Mr Keatings philosophies to his circumstance. By prehend the day and taking risks, he ultimately attracts Chris, in spite of the occurrence that she is practic alto transmither toldy married to Chet Danberry, the son of a family friend. Knoxs genius is evidence of the arrogant effect of Mr Keatings teachings.- Charlie Dalton or NuwandaRebellious, recalcitrant and reckless, Charlie Dalton is the most extraverted and daring of Weltons students. He resists the authority of the give lessons and is ultimately expelled for refusing to sign the document condemning Mr Keating. Attention- jar againstking and chauvinistic, he also invites two young ladys to the Dead Poets Society face-offs. Though he admires and value Mr Keating, he takes Keatings principles too far and takes several imprudent risks.- Richard CameronCameron is an assiduous and pushy student who con pull ins tot eithery to both the schools and his p atomic number 18nts expectations. Keen to succeed academically and win the favour of his teachers, he is genuinely compliant and is active to betray his friends in order to further his ingest inte confronts. Cameron is ultimately responsible for the dismissal of Mr Keating as he selfishly levels Keating of encouraging Neil to commit suicide he is complicit with the schools administrators.- Steven MeeksMeeks is the most academically gifted of the boys and this is certainly his reputation among st his peers. Though studious and compliant, he is well-liked by the others and is a strong supporter of Mr Keating. Like others, he reluctantly joins the Dead Poets Society but ultimately embraces all that it stands for.- Mr. PerryMr Perry is Neils paternalistic and grand father. He is determined that Neil concede hold back school at Welton and train medicine. To this end, he ensures that Neil is focussed and non distracted by unnecessary extra-curricular activities such(prenominal) as the school magazine. Neil rebels against this but unable to confront his father, ultimately decides that he is trapped. Mr Perrys refusal to support Neils acting aspirations ultimately lead to Neils death.- Mr. NolanHe is the director of Welton come illustrating the four pillars of the inception tradition, honour, checker, excellence. He is the opposite spokesperson of Mr Keating and ranges the conformism of the high class society at this time. He assures to send his students in elitist colleges and possesses the realize trust of their pargonnts.- Gerard PittsPitts is an insignificant character but is part of the core conference of boys who form the Dead Poets Society. Tall and lanky, he is socially awkward and passably withdrawn. Though he is introverted and does non seem to take risks, he rises from his seat at the end of the dig, demonstrating that he clearly respects Mr Keating. distinct styles of attractorshipCharismatic leadership vs. Authoritarian leadershipIn this part, we ar going to focus on two characters and their difference of mortalality and behaviours d adept their leadership styles Mr Keating and Mr Nolan.- Mr Keating a charismatic leaderCharisma is joined to a number of criteria that we will develop.During the entire plastic film, Mr Keating seems to be some 1 who pays very much fore pattern to the person he is talking to. Hes making that person (the students) feel stark to be who they are and feel like the most important person in the instauration. Hes able to create a climate of intimacy which is associati unmatchabled to the trust.For example, during his prototypal class, hes talking to the students as individuals. He wants to get under ones skin them realize that they all fetch their own desires and he wants them to look on their own path.Mr Keating pays a large(p) deal of attention in scanning and reading his environment, and is good at picking up the moods and concerns of both individuals and larger audiences. In this route, he hunch overs how to dish to the students needs and to adapt himself to these others. A good example is when he teaches in class he hit the sacks hes subject to a number of interrogations but he adapts his exercises to the concerns of the students.He also uses a wide range of methods to manage his fig. He engenders trust through visible self-sacrifice and takes own(prenominal) risks in the adduce of his beliefs. He shows great confidence in his chase (the students). He is actually persuasive and makes very effective use of body language as well as verbal language.Mr Keating has a deliberate charisma in a theatrical sense he makes effective use of eyeshadetelling, including the use of symbolism and metaphor. E supernumeraryly when he talked ab aside The Dead Poets Society for the commencement exercise time, he described the world of verse which is linked to passion and aim of manner.In the same time, we view the impression that all on the movie he tries to build a sort, his group of students, by making it very clear and distinct, separating it from the other classes. No other group has classes outside or on a football field. In this way, he is building the image of the group, in particular in the minds of his students, as universe contrasting to all others, so superior in a way.Also, he attached himself hard to the identification of the group, such that to join the group is to become one with the leader. In doing so, he creates an un challengeable position for himself.Further more than, Mr Keating sees as a Charismatic Leader because he may non want to force anything. His beliefs are by themselves highly valuable.As we saw, Mr Keating tends to be a charismatic leader. A number of criteria are relevant to emphasize this theory as his vision, his sensitivity to the environment, to students need, his individual(prenominal) risk taking and his unconventional behaviour.Besides, according to Emily Spencer charismatic leaders are the product of follower perceptions and attributions that are influenced by actual leader traits and behaviour, the stage setting of the situation, and the individual and collective needs of the followers, we will study later how Mr Keating influenced his students and answers to their perfect needs.A charismatic leader uses his personality and charms rather any form of external power or authority this characterizes Mr Keatings behaviour compared to Mr Nolans one. He never forced the stude nts to do anything and he encourages them to stupefy their freedom.Also, charisma is linked to a unique vision, which we will develop below. Mr Keating has his own vision and uses unconventional shipway to express it. barely because of his confidence in his own beliefs, he thought they were infallible, he didnt think nearly the impact of his changes even when he sure adequate warning from others. Although he meant well, it was the cause of a mound of problems.- Mr Nolan an bossy leaderA leader is a person whose charisma helps them to channelise a group of populate in a direction they believe is desirable. Someone with authority uses their power to guide a group of people in a direction they believe is desirable.Mr Nolan is the director of the cultivate. Tradition, honour, discipline, excellence is his delineate excogitates and his power is based on it. He is from the aristocratic and tralatitious society his role is to preserve the integrity of the school and to prepare his students to lodge into the high society and to be their new models.If a person has the cleverness force a person to perform a certain act, or the ability to otherwise coerce them, than that person is an authoritarian.Mr Nolan can be accepted by how he makes his decision. There is no discussion or the discussion begins with a foregone conclusion. Also, he guides the students with negative motivation that let them in a ill position. They feel that they are the only ones who disagree and that is wherefore they have to be exiled.Ultimately, this means that the only way to rightfully tally Mr Nolan was with the support of a sizable percentage of the group. Mr Nolan will speak of perfidy in this case. Mr Keating would non, as a disagreement is never a traitorousness unless there is an expectation of being followed and obeyed.In comparison, Mr Keating guided students by the morbific nature of his vision. They valued to follow him, but they were free not to.- The relation ship between Neil and his fatherNeils aspirations are to become an actor but they are snuffed by his controlling father who refuses to give Neil any choice about his future. Mr Perry is a paternalistic and dominating father. He is determined that Neil will finish school at Welton and study medicine.In this part, we are going to show that Neils character has a charismatic behaviour and his father an authoritarian one. Thus, we will try to establish a comparison between the Mr Keating and Mr Nolan relationship and the Neil and Mr Perry relationship.From the beginning, Neil appears as a bright student, he is engaged in a lot of activities within school and he is acknowledge as the leader of the group of students.But this character feels a doubtful contradiction between his own dreams and the ones his father has for him. He is going to fight again the morality of his parents next Mr Keating beliefs.We notice that Neil has a charismatic attitude towards the other students at the begin ning of the movie You vocalise things and people listen. He is the one who decided to re create the Dead Poets Society and used of his power to incite the other. He became more and more attracted to Keatings philosophy and acted as if it was a revelation for him. He is discovering a new state of mind through Keatings words and poetry and he is ready to listen to his feelings.The scene when Mr Perry enters in Neils room is kinda relevant concerning the relationship between the two characters.Neil had decided to follow menage courses but he didnt advise his father. When Mr Perry attend out, he orders his son to quit. At this instant, the illusions of Neil are falling apart and he cant express his feelings. He feels trapped and he acts as a child who did a mistake.Mr Perry uses the panorama absurd acting business and refers to the deception he might have feel. He gives orders and Neil has no other choice than answering Yes Sir and crying. Mr Perry concludes with You will not let me down.We observe that the relationship is based on authority. The two characters are quite varied Mr Perry is cold, quiet and he hides his feelings and Neil is full of hopes and dreams with a deep emotional sensitivity.Mr Perry character refers to Mr Nolan one. He thinks that his way of thinking is the go around for his son he doesnt consider creativity, pleasure and feelings. Both characters express their power in the same way they order, people have to follow. They dont let the hazard to other to discuss and they are acting as if they were carrying the weight of the world on their shoulders.We also can conjecture that this kind of character is complex because in away they are following their own beliefs, as Mr Keating does, and are convince its the right one. We have no doubts concerning the good intentions of Mr Perry to encourage his son to follow a medicine career. He thinks it is the best for his son to succeed. This kind of character has difficulty to open up the box a nd to extend the horizons.Two value can be differentiated concerning these characters that we will describe later pragmatism versus creativity.We also notice that after his conversation with his father, Neil goes to Keatings office to ask him for advice. Neil cognize that the teacher always had a dream and that he is actually sustenance for it. He expresses his feelings concerning his father hes planning the rest of my tone, he never asked me what I want.Neil decides to not quit his role in the play and invites his friends and Mr Keating to watch him. Unfortunately, his father heard about it and comes to the theater. On stage, Neil talks to his father through the character he is playing and his bear sentence in the play is I have a dream.The last interaction between Neil and his father takes engineer at home. Mr Perry is desolated, he accuses Neil to have defying him and to have run his action. At this time, we know that Mr Perry would never change his state of mind and will never allow his son to follow his own way.Mr Perrys refusal to support Neils acting aspirations ultimately lead to Neils death.Other personality and behavioural differences the followersThe movie is based on different characters and we will focus on this part on the phylogenesis of the group of students through the leadership of others.Even if we saw that Neil for example was considered as a leader within the group, all the students are characterized as followers concerning or the leadership of Mr Keating or the authority power of Mr Nolan. The movie shows a lot of personality and behavioural differences concerning the characters.We can analyze the evolution of the characters in three times which correspond with the three classes of Mr Keating and we can focus curiously on the influence of Mr Keating in their interactions.First of all, we have to remind that they all are part of the tradition, honour, discipline, excellence system. They grew up in this environment and their life ha s been predicted depending on these criteria. Their model is obviously Mr Nolan who is trusted by the entire fraternity and also the teachers of the school.When Mr Keating introduced himself at the first class, they are all already prepared to receive a poetry class as they have been taught last years. Keating starts by asking them to open their book and to read the preface which brotherhood up the poetry as a mathematical figure. Then he asked them to rip out the entire page. They are all shocked and dont know what to do because they know it goes against the system they are used to live in.Then, Keating asked them to receive out of the class room and to look at the important figures of the school in the hall way. They are not either used to be taught outside of a class room. Most of them are wondering if its not a trap, no one is moving until one decides to do it. The rest follows.This attitude towards this new teacher is going to last during three classes. They dont hardiness to do something different, something which goes against their principles, to open up their perspectives and thats exactly what Keating tries to emphasize. But we notice that no one will immediately be fence to Keatings methods. They will all follow.They wait for someone to take the initiative, most of the time Neil. Someone who is recognized as their leader, they trust him.There is only one scene during the classes which shows that one student is opposed. At the third class, when Mr Keating asks his students to walk through the garden and to find their own way of walking, one student told Keating you invite us to find our own freedom, Ive the freedom to not do it. But the others continue because they found their new leader, Mr Keating.Thus, we notice that the characters of the movie can be considered as a group they are re creating the Dead Poet Society under Neils recommendation, they are unify by a group, a secret society which they are all members of But in the same time, they are becoming less dependant on each other because they are all move to find their own way.Their in colony within the school is significant during the scene which shows two of them dancing on the sound of Radio Free the States or when one of them declares For the first time of my life, I know what I wanna do.As we talked about in the characters description, all the students are differentiated by their own actions in the movie. At the beginning they are characterized by being students from the same school then they can be perceived as different individuals.Through Todd Anderson and Knox Overstreet characters, we can analyse the evolution of the characters.Todd Anderson is rattling shy and seems a bit younger than the others but he likes writing overlook that he doesnt have enough self confidence to do it. At the beginning, he is not able to stand up in front of the class and is always trying to hold Neil back from his desires. But at the end, he appears as the first one to show hi s opposition to Mr Nolan and to stand up on his table to show that he is grateful to Mr Keating.Knox Overstreet is a shy and academically focussed student at the beginning of the movie but influenced by Mr Keating he is going to listen to his feelings and to believe in himself. He will fall in love with a girl who is actually engaged and is decided to conquer her. Before kissing her for the clenched fist time, he repeats to himself carpe diem and after telling his friends that he wrote her a poem, he says She didnt say anything but at least I did it.Besides, when the school is trying to accuse Mr Keating for being responsible for Neils death, we can note some different attitudes and behaviours.As we analysed before, their behaviours are linked to the notion of dependence or independence and its relevant to notice their different attitudes towards the organization at the end of the movie.All along the movie, these students formed a group. They have been influenced by Mr Keating, he was defined as their mentor and for some of them, their life changed considerably. As we saw, they were united by the Dead Poets Society and the beliefs of Mr Keating were ingraved in their mind.But at the end, under the pressure of Mr Nolan and their parents, they all betray their new principles and sign a paper which attests that Mr Keating had a bad influence on them and that he is the direct responsible of Neils death. Ironically, the only one who refuses it is Charlie Dalton, the only one who was opposed to Keatings exerciseTheir dependence to Welton academy is stronger that their dependence to Mr Keating and in this case, we can say that the Mr Nolans authoritarian model wins.The direct yield on this is the break of their friendship. The group doesnt exist anymore because of the different attitudes they have towards Mr Keating or Mr Nolans influence.Different thematicThe power of a myth a necessity to unitWelton Academy versus the Dead Poets SocietyEven if Welton School and the Dead Poets Society are perceived as two different institutions and are opposite by their beliefs nevertheless they have a semblance they both are based on strong values launch a long time ago constituting a model for students.In this part, we will focus on the power of myths and we will establish a comparison between tradition, honor, discipline, excellence referring to Welton and carpe diem referring to the Dead Poets Society.Besides, we will see that in both cases, the myth is a necessity to unit.- Welton Academy tradition, honor, discipline, excellenceThe story of the movie is set in Welton Academy in Vermont in 1959, a conservative and aristocratic preparatory school where education is understood to be a rigorous academic learning computer program combined with the mold of the students characters according to explicitly hidebound ideals.The movie begins with a processional bunt of the students into the main auditorium of the school, where teachers and parents are await ing the address of Mr. Nolan, who inaugurates the new school year by reminding everyone of the high standards of the institution, and the schools high success rate in sending its graduates to ivy League universities. Students carry banners on which are embroidered the four pillars of Weltons pedagogical program Tradition, Honour, Discipline, and Excellence.The key to your success rests on our four pillars. These are the bywords of this school, and they will become the cornerstones of your lives.Most of the students at Welton are from respectable families most are destined to follow in the footsteps of their fathers and become doctors, corporate lawyers, or bankers.Also it is really clear that Welton has a conservative spirit and is employ to give to the students its traditionalist way of thinking. The school represents tradition and the teaching methods are very established, which is opposed to the innovative and creative way of teaching of Mr Keating.Honor represents the renown t hat the school receives by placing a lot of students in elite universities. The institution is well known and prestigious Mr Nolan has for role to maintain the reputation of the school and to livelihood high standards. He is only here to watch that the students are taught in a traditional way.Discipline means repression in Welton. Its goal is to establish a framework for the students by controlling them. In the movie, the respect of discipline is really important to insure equal behaviour and the repression of the students individuality and creativity. Their personal desires cant exist without discipline.Welton has a lot of rules. Fist of all, the school is only for boys and girls are not allowed in the institution. The students have to wear a uniform and have to spend their free time to study. Some extra activities are planned but even being part of the redaction of the school newspaper is a lost of time for Neils father. The code is really exact and can be perceived as old scho ol concerning the punishments.Concerning the excellence, it refers to not simply succeed in what you are doing but being the best and get the approbation of the institution. In the movie, we notice that it is more important to get good grades than understanding what the subject is about. The school is a preparatory school to get into prestigious universities and all parents are counting on Welton to make their child succeed. It doesnt matter how they are treated and if they are happy or not, they besides have to be excellent and behave the way the institution is expected them to.As we saw in the movie, with Mr Keatings influence, most of them realize that they have desires but the school will not allow them to develop their instincts. The authority of Mr Nolan and the pressure of their parents emphasize the importance of academic studies to get a happy career and also to answer to their parents dreams.Also, they cant recognize excellence if it is out of the frame. Neil could be re ally good at acting but his father doesnt even take that into consideration.Welton is an institution based on a philosophy where tradition, honour, discipline and excellence are the key words. It is also a school where the self reflection, the personal development, the creativity, the non conformity are not recognized and not tolerated. Students nickname the school Hellton.Mr Nolan, model of authority and obedience, represents the traditionalism and the conservatism of Welton an institution opposed to the individualism of Mr Keating and the Dead Poets Society philosophy.- The Dead Poets Society Carpe Diem integrity day, Neil finds an old yearbook with Mr. Keating in it. After seeing that Mr. Keating listed Dead Poets Society as one of his activities, the boys ask Mr. Keating what this was. He replies that the Dead Poets Society was dedicated to taking the meaning out of life. To do so, the members would sit in an old Indian cave near a certain pond and in the enchantment of the mome nt . . . let poetry work its magic.When Knox has doubts about a bunch of guys sound sitting around reading poetry, Keating claims that they were not just a Geek organization, that they were romantics, that they didnt just read poetry.Spirits soared, women swooned and gods were created, gentlemenThat evening, under Neils leadership, the boys reconvene the Dead Poets Society. Neil honors tradition by opening the new chapter of the society the way Keating and his classmates used to open it, by reading the passage from Henry David Thoreau.I went to the woods because I wanted to live deliberatelyI wanted to live deep and suck out all the narrow of lifeTo put to rout all that was not lifeAnd not when I had come to dieDiscover that I had not livedThis first meeting of the renewed society is a tremendous success. The boys really get into reading poetry, including the concluding lines from Tennysons Ulysses, which Neil reads and which, in the context of the movie as a special significance.C ome my friends, its not too late to seek a newer worldWe can notice at this time that Neil is completely influenced by Mr Keating character and curious about The Dead Poets Society. When he starts reciting poetry, he seems to have notice a new way of thinking, it is a revelation for him. The words that he pronounces have an echo in himself.The Dead Poets Society is also the link between the past and the present which makes the students think about their future. It is also a way for them to avoid their parents values that are really heavy it gives them the opportunity to have a special time to avoid constraints which create a strong link between all of them.Now the group of students is united by this secret. This intimacy allows them to act on their own, they are using it as a way to know all the things which are forbidden internal the school. They are smoking, drinking, playing music or bringing girls. We can say that they are experimenting the pleasures of life which give a real sense for Keating and which represent the devil for Mr Nolan.Also, we observe that tradition, honor, discipline, and excellence are represented in having taken the initiative to reconvene the Dead Poets Society, despite the fact that the school would not look too favourably upon it.Furthermore, The Dead Poets Society which could represent a place of decadence for Welton Academy is illustrating the values that Mr Keating is believing in. It refers to one of the first sentence he pronounces in class Life exists and identity.We see all along the movie that the Dead Poets Society will take more and more importance in the students life and that it will become their creed.I promise. The Dead Poets Society is my wordMr Keatings visionCarpe Diem, seize the day is the idiomatic expression that the movie is focusing on and is reflecting the vision of Mr Keating, an English teacher who has just been hired, and who displays ideas and a spirit that deviate sharply from the established Welton p ractices and norms.Keating propagates an anti-authoritarian philosophy of life and he will soon profile himself as the provocative and stir educator of the students of whom he is in charge.During his very first class academic term Keating demonstrates that he is not just there to convey academic information, but also to show what students can do with such knowledge in their everyday lives. The first class session is, indeed, not so much a lesson in English literature, but a dramatic philosophic wake-up call.Word and images can change the worldThe gracious race is make full with passionExamining some poetry lines, Mr Keating interpolates his students Why does the poet write these lines?. He answers Because we are food for worms, lads Because were only going to experience a limited number of springs, summers, and falls. One day, hard as it is to believe, each and every one of us is going to stop breathing, turn cold, and dieTo drive home this occlusion Keating makes the students look at the old photographs of former Welton students that decorate the hallways. They are not that different than any of you, are they? Theres hope in their eyes, just like in yours. They believe themselves destined for wonderful things, just like many an(prenominal) of you. Well, where are those smiles now, boys? What of that hope? The students are sobered by what Keating is saying.Then his vision is directly highlighted after pronouncing But only in their dreams can men be truly free. The students thought it was another quoting from famous poets but Keating revealed them it was from him. Here, we see that Mr Keating really want to express his vision and to change the way of thinking of Welton Academy.When the students leave the building after class, most of them are in thought. Keatings words are having an effect on their feelings, and Carpe Diem is becoming a firm reference point in their reflections and activities. Some of them will have occasion to quote the apothegm while they are pursuing their various goals during the fall term.Then, we will see that Keating will manage to underline his conception of the liberal arts. He told them to not focus only on academic fields but to be interested in what seems at first only secondary importance.The human race is filled with passion Medicines, law, banking these are necessary to sustain life. But poetry, romance, love, beauty these are what we stay alive for.Mr Keating wants to make them think about their own life, about what makes them happy and what their absolute needs are. Passion is the word for him. He knows that these students have been sent in this school to succeed in their career but he wants them to understand that they only have one life and that the human race is filled with passion.Consider what you thinkIts not too late to sick a newer worldBoys, you must seek to find your own voiceWe will see through this part that the vision of Mr Keating is underlining some values, opposed to the tradition al Welton values. In this way, his teaching methods appear as unusual (by the standards of the 1950s).During the whole movie, he is attached to tell the students to stop an open and flexible mind and to and to look at things from different and ever-changing points of view.We must constantly look at things in a different way even though it may seem silly or wrong, you must tryTo illustrate his point, h

Singapore Banking and Finance Services Sector

capital of capital of capital of capital of capital of capital of capital of Singapore Banking and pay Services SectorIntroductionWhat is the banking and pay services firmament?Definition of banking and finance gives information of definition of banking and definition of finance. Finance room circulation of capital much(prenominal) as m angiotensin converting enzymey and currency, or procurement and counsel of the capital, in connections with financing activities. Finance and banking service is Services and products provided to consumers and businesses by fiscal institutions such as banks, insurance companies, brokerage firms, consumer finance companies, and investment companies every of which comprise the pecuniary services industry (InvestorWords, 2015). Two of both sectors be related to each another(prenominal).What does this sector mean to the Singapore scrimping?Banking and Finance of Singapore economy is finance and banking services. In recent years, Asiatic countri es be receiving attention from the world because they have an infinite of possibilities and capabilities such as fantastic good turn of population, geo graphical position and abundant natural resources. Most of all, Singapore have grown up and developed rapidly. Since 1970s, Singapore was called four Asiatic dragons with several Asiatic countries, which are Hong Kong, Taiwan and due south Korea because Singapore and those countries could reach rapidly industrialized by cheap and plentiful labor and expeditious ex fashion policy. Especially, Singapore have been developed by finance and banking services. constituent of these sectors to the national economySingapore economy could be developed by contributions of finance and banking services sector such as Job commercialize and Financial Hub and attracting extraneous direct investment and so on.Especially, the reasons of create is that Singapore is a huge financial hub and attracting overseas direct investment. Early Sing apore was limited land space and natural resources. To overcome those disadvantages, Singapore move trade liberalization. And to make the best use of a geographic benefit, this countrified intermediated trade. Therefore, Singapore is capable to be a finance hub and attract international direct investment.Nowadays, Singapore is an international major financial trading hub to creep up its head in dealings of foreign exchange and the flying field of asset management. Foreign-exchange market of Singapore is ranked top five in the world subsequently London, New York, Zurich and Tokyo. And accordingly, there is 110 number of foreign banks. The scale of asset management is about S$ 1trillion. Recently, Singapore is force forward a business of Islam finance.For attracting foreign direct investment, Singapore is a trade liberalization because there is a transport center by its conditions of a location. Because of using this benefit, there is total 5 container terminals and 45 berths. This container port processes one-fifth amount of international transhipment. Moreover, Singapore airport Chang-I is connecting with 200 cities in 60 countries. There is 85 airlines.Second contribution is Job Market. jibe to alter Singapores finance and banking services, there is the number of foreign banks and businesses. It means that getting job in Singapore is able to be easy. And therefore, gross domestic product per capita in Singapore too will increase. Below graph is GDP per capita in Singapore from 1960 to 2013.-GDP per capita of Singapore (GDP of Singapore, bln. Dollar, 1970-2013) check GDP per capita in Singapore line graph, the GDP per capita was rising steadily from 1970 to 2013. In 1960, the GDP per capita is only 925 USD. It is the lowest GDP per capita from 1970 to 2013, ranked 74th in the world. For example, the figure metrical lower than GDP per capita of Indonesia (86 USD) and Malaysia (343 USD), which are Singapores neighbor countries, and then one of devel oping countries in the Asia currently. On the contrary, the highest GDP per capita was a dear(p) 54,649 USD in 2013. The measured value of GDP (54,649 USD) per capita is higher than some developed countries such as U.S.A (5126 USD) in about 6 times, Japan (2016 USD) in 2 times, and Germany (2712 USD) in 3 times. Generally, this graph is drawn by uply curve. (Kushnir, n,d)Challenges facing by this sector in the succeeding(a)Singapore economy has been improved by banking and finance services. However, the sector is able to face challenges such as dependency of global economy and other regional financial hub in the future. Singapore is the biggest Asia finance hub. Thus, economy of Singapore is exposed and influenced by global stinting conditions. And then, it is shown by GDP of Singapore.GDP of Singapore, 1970 to 2013 (GDP per capita in Singapore, bln. Dollar, 1970-2013)The to a higher place line graph illust ordains GDP of Singapore from 1970 to 2013. Generally, GDP of Singapore draws upward curve. In 1970, GDP of Singapore was an estimation of 1.9 cardinal USD (United States Dollar). It is ranked 74th in the world. By 1980, the GDP slowly increased to about 12.08 billion USD. Moreover, after 1980, the GDP took a sharp increased from to 1997. However, from 1997 to 2004, the graph of GDP is chiefly decreasing by Asia economical crisis. The issue appeared from South Korea. Some of Asian countries tried to be capital decontrol. But without capital, the countries should take out a loan from IMF (International Monetary Fund). Thus, Singapore economy was also affected from Asia economic crisis. Eventually, most companies in Singapore ought to restructure with layoff, and is under threat of bankrupt. Nevertheless, in one case again, it steadily increased to the year 2013. In 2013, the GDP was about 297.94 billion USD. (Kushnir, n,d)According to GDP, after 2004, Singapore economy has been grown. However, from 1997 to 2004, had been decreasing because of Asia ec onomic crisis in the period. It means that the same economic condition will be happened by global and regional economy in the future.Other challenge in Singapore is competitive from other regional financial hub. The number of Asian international financial centers (IFCs) such as Seoul in South Korea, Tokyo in Japan and Shanghai in China indispensability to become international financial hub. Nowadays, the international financial centers of those cities are developing and making an effort, and then each cities are competitors of Singapore financial center. For example, one of the competitor, Seoul in South Korea, establish the Korea National Committee for peace-loving Economic Cooperation (KOPEC). In 2007, KOPEC had a convention of an international conference in Seoul with 3 Asian countries such financial centers (Hong Kong, Seoul, Shanghai, Tokyo and Singapore). some other microeconomic challenge is a Shortage of skilled talent. In Singapore, is already international financial hub, there is the number of business and banks are having competitions. If employees in judicature have shortages of skill and talent, they would not survive in the rapidly changing world economic situation. For example, Accounting and writing skills are crucial, International talent in High demand at funds-center banks, Marketing types wanted, Days of easy hours long gone and then MBA optional. They should develop their own skills and talents, and then may follow the economic flow. (Hean Hoo, 2015)Strategic planning by this sector in the present and the futureIn Singapores finance and banking services sector, there is the number of competitors such as banks and businesses as easy as financial centers from other Asian cities. Singapore should have strategic planning such as training and education, and global innovation.Training and EducationMost of organizations should train and modernise their employees for the rapidly changing world economic situation for employees effective, accu rate and matter-of-fact performance of tasks. After training and education, the employees would be more developed. One of counsel in effective training and education is E-learning by developed technology. When organizations informal online lecture, the employees may get the organizations training and education finished their Smart-Phone and Tablet PC. This kind of training for adults looks helpful and effective for them that they can be able to learn all of the necessary things that they need in improving their skills and techniques. (Stephanie, 2014)Stress interrogatory and stake managementStress testing for risk management is one of the useful method for identifying how a portfolio would be bring together during a period of financial crisis. One of the most general use ways of stress testing is The Monte Carlo simulation. Moreover, this simulation technique is also used to be aware of how several risks will influence an organization and industry. Before an economic a financ ial crisis, using the simulation is able to detect and predict future economic crisis with solutions. Therefore, countries and organizations ought to do stress testing and manage future risks.ConclusionHow the MAS supports this sector?The Monetary part of Singapore (MAS) is a Singapore central bank, a kind of Singapore administration department. MAS has authority of regulation and supervision of Singapore finance and banking, and then it issues money and drafts a law of financial and banking policy. This department focuses on exchange rate rather than interest rate otherwise other central banks. According to developing Singapore, Singapore is complicated by the number of bank works with finance, so the government established Monetary Authority of Singapore be in January, 1991. (Monetary Authority of Singapore, 2014)What is the outlook for the future of this sector in Singapore?Nowadays, Singapore is one of the most developed countries in the world, as well as in Asia because of the finance and banking services. Through the GDP and the GDP per capita from 1970 to 2013, the graphs are illustrated that it has increased and grown up in the future. In the end, Singapore finance and banking services will be more by several contributions. However, Singapore will also face several challenges in the future, so the rural area should have strategic planning of the sector, and predict and manage future risks.ReferencesInvestorWords (2015) InvestorWords. Availanle at http//www.investorwords.com/19080/financial_services.html Accessed 15 May 2015.Kushnir, I. (n.d) World macroeconomic research, 1970-2013. Available at http//kushnirs.org/macroeconomics/gross domestic product/gdp_singapore.html Accessed 15 May 2015.Kushnir, I. (n.d) GDP of Singapore, bln. Dollar, 1970-2013. Available at http//kushnirs.org/macroeconomics/gdp/gdp_singapore.html Accessed 16 May 2015Kushnir, I. (n.d) GDP per capita in Singapore, bln. Dollar, 1970-2013. Available at http//kushnirs.org/macroecon omics/gdp/gdp_singapore.html Accessed 16 May 2015.Hean Hoo, W. (2015) Economics Policy and the Global Environment LECTURE SLIDES. Kaplan/capital of Ireland Veritas.Stephanie, R. (2014) Workplace Training and Education Effective Methods for Training Adults, Human Resources Blog, 17 Feburary. Available at http//tribehr.com/blog/workplace-training-and-education-effective-methods-for-training-adults Accessed 18 May 2015.Monetary Authority of Singapore. (2014). Monetary Authority of Singapore. Available at http//www.mas.gov.sg/about-mas/overview.aspx Accessed 17 May 2015.

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Voltaire Essay -- essays research papers

Voltaire was a talented, assertive, and controversial French author from the eighteenth century reason period. He was born in 1694 to a wealthy family in Paris, and given the name Francois-Marie Arouet. During the early(a) years of his purport Voltaire endured many hardships. For instance, his mother passed away when he was seven leaving sole(prenominal) his father and older brother to raise him. Unfortunately, this added insult to injury as Voltaire despised both his father and brother. Nevertheless, Voltaires monishmination allowed him to rise above his early misfortunes, and he later went on to pursue college at the College of Louis-le-Grand in Paris. at once there he studied literature, despite his fathers wishes that he pursue a carreer in law. It was during this stretch of the youthful writers life he first piano his oppositions on the established church and government in France. By the young age of twenty two Voltaire was exhiled to Sully-sur-Loire for writing a satir e of the Duke of Orleans, the persuasion regent of France. Voltaires bouts with those in power continued throughout most his life. In fact, he was subject to brief spells in prison on to a greater extent than one occasion for aggrevating the reigning Monarch.Despite French governmental attempts to deter or imprison him, Voltaire went on to become an exeptional philosopher, author, and leading figure of the enlightenmentThe overall message of "Candide" is that every human being has the p...

Computers and Homeland Security Essay -- Terrorist Terrorism September

ready reckoners and country of origin Security After the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 security became a study concern for citizens and of course lawmakers. Unsure of what could happen next we were tout ensemble afraid. fatherland Security encompasses policies, laws, organizations, and procedures degestural to protect the rights and freedoms inherent in the US Constitution. country of origin defense which is sometime interchanged with Homeland Security deals with extra-territorial threats and preemptive operations (Parons & Oja, 51). Governments in many countries are devoting significant resources to combat this growing threat. In the linked Stats, the Department of Homeland Security, or DHS is responsible for reducing America?s vulnerability to terrorism and tierceing a unified national labor to prevent terrorist attacks on American citizens and assets. The DHS mission statement is ?We will lead the unified national effort to secure America. We will pr event and admonish terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. We will ensure safe and secure borders, experience lawful immigrants and visitors, and promote free-slow of commerce? (www.dhs.gov). Technology is a key part of DHS. A part of the PROTECT system subprograms a computer programme to depict the dispersion of toxic materials. On October 26, 2001 the President of the United States signed the Patriot Act, which was designed to define terrorist activities and provide la enforcement officials with legal tools for finding, catching, and prosecuted terrorists (Parons & Oja, 51). Computer systems assist efforts to identify terrorists among the millions of people who travel into and within U.S. borders. Terrorists might use cell hones or e-mail t... ...ments and have become more advance(a) at this task thanks to research for ordinary text-to speech and function recognition technologies. Computers are a huge part of homel and security, without them we would all be at a greater risk for terrorism. Computers are undischarged in each and every one of our lives, and they help us in many ways. Works CitedArnone, Michael. Internet security back to the Stone Age. 22 Nov. 2005. 30Nov. 2005 .DHS Organization. Department of Homeland Security. DHS. 12 Nov. 2005.National Security Agency central Security Sevice. National Security Agency. 12 Nov. 2005 .United States Computer exigency Readiness Team. US-CERT. 12 Nov. 2005.

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Comparing and Contrasting Fruits and Junk Food Essay -- comparison com

Comparing and Contrasting Fruits and rubble Food To m whatsoever people, especially children, the word snack implies thoughts of chocolate and pillage however, in the early twentieth century, people relied on fruits to fulfill their craving for a between-meal snack. It was even a privilege to some children to receive an orchard apple tree or a banana from their parents as an after-school snack. Unfortunately, children today choose junk foods like sweeten bars. However, popular preference is not endlessly the best way to go. Fruits, such as apples and grapes, are better snacks than candy bars because they are fitter, better tasting, and more satisfying.Fruits are much healthier than candy bars. First of all, fruits have fewer calories and less fat than any candy bar. For example, a medium size apple has eig...

Poetry Essay: Dulce Et Decorum Est :: English Literature

Poetry render Dulce Et decorousness EstDraft CopyThe title of Wilfred Owens famous World war I poem, Dulce Et DecorumEst, argon the original words of a Latin expression which means, It is perfumedand Right. The full saying, which ends the poem, Dulce et decorumest // Pro patria mori, means it is sweet and duty to die for onescountry. This was the saying that was roughhewnly understood and used widely in the propaganda at the beginning of the War. It made war outto be honorable and heroic. Owen shows in this poem, by depicting thehorror and cruelty of the War, how outlying(prenominal) the common belief that war wasproud and honourable, was from the truth.In the first stanza we be introduced to the range of the poem aswell as to a a couple of(prenominal) of the horrors of the war. The work force are leaving thebattlefield and are moving to a adjust of rest when they are hit by gasfill heavy weapon shells. It gives a description of how fatigued andweary the custody were and how mischievously hurt many of them were afterspending time in the trenches of the summit lines. The date oftiredness and sleep is introduced in the first stanza phrases such asBent-double (line 1), distant rest (line 4) and Men marchedasleep (line 5). The men are so tired they turn their backs on theflares that are displace up to show the bombardiers where to shoot theirshells. Another image that Owen uses that appears in the first stanzaand is seen through out the poem is how there is a neediness ofco-ordination and sense. This puke be seen by Knock-kneed (line 3),limped, lame and blind (line 6) and drunk and deaf (line7).Owen shows how these mens senses had been numbed by the ghastlyoccurrences in the trenches and how these numbed senses puddle the mento not suck up they are under fervour until it is most too late.The second stanza describes the dramatic reaction the men have whenthey realise they have been attacked by gas. The ecstasy of fumbling -shows how despera te the men where to perplex the odd fitting gas masks,how a mask was the variance between a cruel death and life. Owencompares the unlucky man to soul who has go in a fire or pileof calcium hydrate and is cosmos engulfed by the pain. He is compared to adrowning man he is drowning in the gas, in the pain of death. The gasis so thick that it takes on a suave appearance.Poetry Essay Dulce Et Decorum Est English LiteraturePoetry Essay Dulce Et Decorum EstDraft CopyThe title of Wilfred Owens famous World War I poem, Dulce Et DecorumEst, are the first words of a Latin saying which means, It is sweetand Right. The full saying, which ends the poem, Dulce et decorumest // Pro patria mori, means it is sweet and right to die for onescountry. This was the saying that was commonly understood and usedwidely in the propaganda at the beginning of the War. It made war outto be honourable and heroic. Owen shows in this poem, by depicting thehorror and cruelty of the War, how far the common belief that war wasproud and honourable, was from the truth.In the first stanza we are introduced to the setting of the poem aswell as to a few of the horrors of the war. The men are leaving thebattlefield and are moving to a place of rest when they are hit by gasfilled artillery shells. It gives a description of how fatigued andweary the men were and how badly injured many of them were afterspending time in the trenches of the front lines. The image oftiredness and sleep is introduced in the first stanza phrases such asBent-double (line 1), distant rest (line 4) and Men marchedasleep (line 5). The men are so tired they turn their backs on theflares that are sent up to show the bombardiers where to shoot theirshells. Another image that Owen uses that appears in the first stanzaand is seen through out the poem is how there is a lack ofco-ordination and sense. This can be seen by Knock-kneed (line 3),limped, lame and blind (line 6) and drunk and deaf (line7).Owen shows how these mens senses had been numbed by the ghastlyoccurrences in the trenches and how these numbed senses cause the mento not realise they are under attack until it is almost too late.The second stanza describes the dramatic reaction the men have whenthey realise they have been attacked by gas. The ecstasy of fumbling -shows how desperate the men where to find the odd fitting gas masks,how a mask was the difference between a cruel death and life. Owencompares the unlucky man to someone who has fallen in a fire or pileof lime and is being engulfed by the pain. He is compared to adrowning man he is drowning in the gas, in the pain of death. The gasis so thick that it takes on a liquid appearance.

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Workplace Privacy and Employee Monitoring :: Human Resources Managment HRM

Do we in truth have our privacy rights in the workplace? In todays society we ar so caught up with our rights that we often forget some work rules. If someone goes into my office or someone reads my email I feel violated and deprived of my rights. But the real question is, are these things my own to do with? In all reality if it is a snobbish organization the person who owns the business is the owner of all offices and computers, so in that case youre just using his stuff.Some generation there is no middle ground. Monitoring of employees at the workplace, either you side with the employees or you imagine management owns the network and should call the shots. The purpose of this paper is to tackle whether observe an employee is an invasion of privacy. How new technology has made monitoring of employees by employers possible. The wickedness of computerized monitoring software use to watch employees. The employers desire to ensure that the times they are paying for to be spent i n their service is and so being spent that way. Why not to monitor employees, as rise as tips on balancing privacy rights of employees at the job.First livery start off with talking about electronic monotoring. This as good has its pros and cons. On the good side electronic monitoring offers a extensive advantage to the employee it is objective. This benefits the employee because it provides an unbiased method of performance evaluation and prevents the interference of managers feelings in a review. Electronically generated information offers uniform and accurate feedback on late(prenominal) performance. This means the evaluation will be strictly based on the quantity and quality of work, rather than on managers opinions. Another advantage is providing feedback to employees on their work performance. Instead of listening to a manager tell an employee how to do a job, one may review a tape to serve exactly what they are doing wrong and judge the employees performance. In this c ase, monitoring is used as a tool to show employees their work habits and what they need to trade to improve their performance. Employees generally like this because they female genitals see for themselves their weak and tough points, and they can use the information to improve their work methods. This knowledge can increase employee performance and efficiency. On the negative end of this employers cold be basing a persons performance on this.

Ethnicity :: Personal Narrative Racial Papers

EthnicityWhile I was first contemplating this project, I was sitting on my older-than-the-hills cook couch in my apartment. My roommate, Michelle, plopped on the couch opposite me and asked, What do you trust to do for lunch? I dunno, I responded while channel surfboard through the five channels we receive. permits go let on and try something new, she said daringly.I thought to myself, hmm, I could do a project and eat out at the same time? Ok, where should we go? Suddenly, as if it was a sign from above, a commercial for Santa Lucias, the Greek eating place in town, appeared on the television. Instantly, we knew it was the place to go. Good Better Best, Never Let it Rest, Until the Good Becomes Better and the Better Becomes the Best, the commercial kept echoing in my head on the way there-wait, no that was my roommate who would not retire from repeating Santa Lucias motto. On the way there we looked at all(prenominal) other and said simultaneously, Should we have dressed up f or it? Well, I said, on the commercial it doesnt look like too classy of a place. I think we are fine.Good, I hope so, said Michelle as she looked down at our jeans and t-shirts. Our hopes were confirmed as we pulled into the parking lot of the restaurant, which is shut in away in the corner behind West Park cable car Plaza. There were beer signs littering the windows. It could not be that classy of a place. Right? What do they serve here, Heather? Am I going to like it? asked Michelle, who by the way is the pickiest eater in the world.I hope so, I responded as we entered the building. Uh-oh. Maybe we should have dressed up, I thought to myself out forte for a moment while taking in the view. When you enter from the route into the building its like you are entering a totally different world. The lighting is dim. Tables for two, four, six and eight are scattered end-to-end the room in the usual non-smoking and smoking sections. The tables themselves are unique looking. The woo dy tables and chairs are set on the plush carpet. The black tablecloths are stand out with a shiny glass cover. The tables are set with silverware and wine specs with a napkin creatively set inside. The one thing that caught my spunk was the statue and the fountain.

Monday, March 25, 2019

Essay --

Discuss the social psychological approach in psychological science and cite the kinds of suspenses that social psychologists attempt to answer.This essay will study what social psychology actually is and the debates within the field as well as the score and origins of social psychology. In addition to this it will then continue and run into at what they study within this field and what types of questions to ask and what results they gain from this. The question of what social psychology actually is, is non something that is easy to answer as it has been regarded as a diverse and fragmented discipline that is divided by the battle in the midst of experimental and critical social psychology. This is based on whether it should be a science or not, the ideology and what constitutes the social manhood (Rogers,). It is regarded as an umbrella discipline in which many sub-disciplines sit low including biological, clinical and organisational. (Myers,) Many social psychologists argu e that social psychology is a scientific study that investigates how other(a)s influence thoughts, behaviour and feeling (Hogg & Vaughan,). Theses are the experimental psychologists who try to find a cause effect relationship between two variables by testing hypotheses, whilst ensuring that all variables are operationalized in enjoin to gain results that are valid and there are no throw variables. They do this whilst in a controlled laboratory environment ensuring that no other factors could play a part and act as a confuse variable. Critical psychology on the other hand would argue that the scientific method to measure behaviour is not the only method that stub be used. It argues that the scientific method if often unsuitable for studying original aspects of peoples ... ...ing used as many were relying on experimental methods and the assumptions of positivists to produce explanations that were reductionist instead of holistic and flavour at the whole environment and not just the person. The ideology was also criticised during this period as the values of individuation were arising rather than the sociologist ideology that had previously existed (Myers). Social psychologists have a blow of different subject areas and topics that they can choose from when deciding what research they exigency to do, including obedience, conformity, identity, communication and language, persuasion and influence. In addition to this there are two main theories that derive from social psychology, the first being behaviourism and the reciprocal ohm being social learning theory. The first theory behaviourism, derived from Pavlovs work looking at operant conditioning

Calypso and Circe, Important Women of Homers Odyssey :: Homer Odyssey womody

Calypso and Circe, Important Wo men of Homers OdysseyOf all the themes in the Odyssey, the one that seems to stand away is Odysseuss struggle to return home. There are many reasons why his transit is deterred, the most obvious being the women he encounters. Of the women, their are two that truly represent the different aspects of creative and destructive feminiinty. (Taylor, 571)Calypso is a char who carries the true appeal of a woman, beauty. She offers Odysseus eternal life, and an end to physical suffering. With her, he will be able to keep his identity as a man and enjoy the different pleasures she can offer. She seems like the most enticing offer for Odysseus besides his wife, but he denies her offer. Odysseus refuses Calypsos offer of bodily immortality for the equivalent reasons that he resists bodily death in neither case could be preserve his whole being as Odysseus. (Taylor, 571)I found his refusal to be kind of commendable, though his excuse was not. Circes charms are to a fault directed towards the same place, but not as blatently as Calypsos. She drugs Odysseuss men to make them entrust their homes and then she turns them into pigs. Taylor describes this sequence of events as significant because it represents the metamorphosis as a collary of forgetting ones native land. The transformation of man to animal is a vivid simulacrum of the lessening of human consciousness which forgetting ones origings implies. (Taylor, 572) He also states that the story suggests that men who let themselves be drugged into a lower level of sentience by the destructive power of the enchantress, become no more than animals to be kept as the womans pet. (Taylor, 572)I found this quote to be quite interesting. It made me think of how this could relate to our own societies fallen men and also women. Many people today consume alcohol or unskilled drugs and let it control their actions, even though if they were sober, they would not be behaving this way. Our ordin ation today is weak, just like in the story, to different potions that can reach their mental capacity to think straight.