Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Can War Be Abolished? Theories and Causes of War

Can con pitch Be Abolished? Theories and Causes of WarCAN WAR BE ABOLISHEDIntroduction fit to the Clausewitz War is a mere continuation of the insurance policy. So the move arises can the policy be abolished? Or is contend inevitable? and we may find no simple answer to these questions. War is defined as a knock overthrow-drag push through and through and through action in which one side i.e. fix A endeavours to chitchat its will on the other side i.e. State B finished the use of force. In modern times non state actors and terrorists be overly seen inviting the wrath of a state or certain states coalition. There is no single agreed upon definition of warf ar and no dickens wars are ever quite similar in opposing forces, objectives and gains. Before we anticipate any further in an attempt to answer the aforesaid question it is deemed pertinent to analyse the theory of war and its root causes. Only wherefore we shall be able to seek the true answer to our question wheth er the war can be abolished and if so nether what conditions and circumstances.Theories of WarWar is a complex societal phenomena quite than unchangeable human nature. History of war is as old as the recorded history of mankind on this planet, but according to war analysts this does non make it law of nature. According to Clausewitz concept of Trinity, military component of nation is a non-rational actor and subjected to political leadership in whose domain lies the rational decision making process. subsequently the introduction of Nuclear Weapons in WW II concept of warfare has been drastically altered. The enormous destructive queen of this type of weapon, which can wipe knocked out(p) the human race from this planet, has set such a strong deterrence that many wars look at been averted particularly among the nuclear weapon states. In Bernard Brodies words from now on the chief purpose of army is not to fight wars but to avert them. There are typically two broad theories cate gorised by the analysts to describe the phenomenon of war.a.Normative Theory. It seeks to find out what the things ought to be. The ethics and morals and what is right and what is wrong. Is war justified and if so chthonian what conditions wars can be fought.b.Empirical Theory.This theory deals with the historical evidence of the growing of warfare. Circumstances leading to the on set of war, various techniques employed during the contain of war and the reasons for the victory or defeat.Reasons for WarThere are itemize of different reasons for which wars are fought amongst the states. Kenneth N Waltz describes that in the domain of internationalististic relations the identification of level of analysis i.e. individual, state or international system is important. Apropos in this dis seam state level shall be focused as the primary level of analysis to identify the reasons of war. some(a) of them are briefly described in succeeding paragraphs.a.Territorial/ telephone Disputes. M ost wars are fought amongst the two states due to territorial or reverberate disputes. Soon after the rapid decolonisation process which began in first half of twentieth century, the nations were rear contended with or settling down their geographical borders with their neighbours. Empirical evidence shows where this element is found missing the states tend to go to war to come down their disputes, which they are unable to resolve through other means particularly the negotiations.b.Hegemonic Ambition.The great powers in pursuit of agency on ground and at seas waged wars through out 19th and 20th century. However, in current times this aspect is diminishing due to sparing concerns and effects of global trade and commerce.c.Internal Balance. Some times the wars are fought due to internal political disturbance where elite or govern party in order to preserve its power or pretend over the state initiates violent use of force. This type of war is oft characterised by onslaught of psychological warfare directed at adversary and home front. This type is very common in the modern times.d.leaders Aspects.The democratic form of governing a state is gaining popularity and autocracy is braggy away. The wars fought in the past were particularly characterized by the desires and lust of power by the kings and princes. Many wars were fought due to personal orientation of the tyrannical leadership. However, democracies have been found of avoiding wars primarily due to stinting concerns and well being of their pack.e.Weak State vs Strong State.Since the distribution of natural resources amongst various nation-states is not equal thuslyce some times wars are fought by strong states against weaker states to gain chafe to their resources. Another dimension is a weak state waging war against a parity or strong state in the realm to settle the old scores. Most of these wars have been characterized by the precondition of opportunity rather than necessity arising out o f an internal disturbance/weak situation in other country.How War Can be AbolishedThroughout centuries mankind has passed through a process of evolution so is the history of warfare. Through the course of history technology has likewise played its part in the evolution of warfare. After years of quest man was able to invent a weapon considered enough to destroy all the inventions Nuclear weapons have since then altered the strategy of war particularly among nuclear states or their individual alliances. Deterrence concept had never been so well established as particularly during the cold war period, which averted successfully any war between USSR and USA and/or other NATO countries in Europe. This concept of deterrence has as well worked well in establishing strategic stability in South Asia and has averted study wars between India vs Pakistan or India vs China whose source of animosity particularly lies in border disputes and resolution of Kashmir issue. Apart from nuclear dete rrence there could be other multifaceted aspects which can help to abolish war. Some of these aspects are briefly discussed in succeeding paragraphs.a.Political System.People are generally calmness loving and require welfare and freedom to go about their insouciant life as per their desires and socio-religious practices. A democratic form of government, which is by the people, of the people, and for the people greatly manifests the true aspirations of the masses. Apropos in last century the phenomena of decolonization and rise of democratic form of governments gained popularity. Empirical evidence exists that democracies dont like to fight wars and tend to settle inter state disputes through talks. The political and diplomatic have thus proved effective in averting the impending wars.b.Economic Interdependence.A major effect that globalization has ensued is economical interdependence. Natural and other resources are not equally spread model the world. The general global peace af ter World War II has seen increased economic interdependence amongst the states. Thus mutual dependency is also being viewed as a reason for avoiding war amongst states. Europe has seen war for hundreds of years but European Union is a success story. The EU members states are required to fulfill two preconditions to become eligible, one to have democratic form of government and second to have no border disputes with their neighbouring states.c.Economic Strength.Countries with strong economic power are able to keep their influence on other economically weak states to do their will, without sack to war with that state. Countries like USA, China, Japan, Germany and Switzerland exercise their influence in respective areas of worry due their strong economies.d.Strong Defence.Strong defence of a nation is manifested though its military power. It guarantees its sovereignty and keeps impending threats at bay and enemies under check.e.Strong Alliance.Alliance of a group of states particul arly with a super power has become a source of strength. It has minimized the chances of wars of opportunity against weaker states that have conjugate strong alliances e.g. NATO.f.Role of MNCs.Due to financial implications the Multinational Corporations (MNCs) which are spread passim the world irrespective of political boundaries exert their influence on states as war is detrimental to their business interests.ConclusionAbolishing the war is both preferable and possible despite human limitations. The cumulative effect of political, military and economic strength coupled with higher literacy rate, acquisition of advanced technologies and employment opportunities for the early days can act as strength of national power. Socio cultural family relationship and religious freedom of the masses living in an allegiance at heart the political boundaries and respecting the same for those living across the borders makes a state horse barn and less prone to war. Apropos it can be conclude d that principles of fond justice and mutual coexistence are the hallmarks for attaining global peace.ReferencesKenneth waltzThe Causes of War

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