Wednesday, December 12, 2018
'Hcs 245 Culture and Disease Paper\r'
'Culture and Disease Paper Ã¢â¬ Malaria Erin E. Nelson HCS 245 folk 5, 2011 Andrea Dale Culture and Disease Paper Ã¢â¬ Malaria It tropical and sub-tropical climates temperature, humidity, and rainwater work together to create a procreation ground for mosquitoes. Mosquitoes argon a host for infectious ailments one in particular is called malaria. Malaria is a epenthetic disease that infects a particular type of mosquito, genus Anopheles mosquitoes, which feeds on human beings. People who get malaria ar typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness.\r\nAlthough malaria preserve be a deadly disease, illness and oddment from malaria can usually be prevented (Global health Ã¢â¬ role of parasitic Diseases , 2010) Individuals living in climates that support the disembo communicated spirit make pass of these mosquitoes argon more(prenominal) at guess than those who do non. If temperatures fall below 68 degrees Fahrenheit(postnominal) the mosq uitoes cannot complete their growth cycle. Africa, parts of South the States and Asia guide incurred the majority of the malaria plaguey (Global health Ã¢â¬ surgical incision of bloodsucking Diseases , 2010).\r\nI this paper I leave alone cover: populations vulnerable to malaria, factors that make these populations vulnerable, modes of transmittal, methods use to subdue the spread of malaria, the role of social/cultural influences and shell out community health promotion and wellness strategies. In particular young children and pregnant women are more at happen for contracting malaria. Young children have not built up or acquired privilege to the disease and without immunity infections are more arduous and life threatening (The World Health agreement Staff, 2010). More than 40% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s children move in places where malaria is a constant threat. Most children die from malaria because they do not get effective manipulationÃ¢â¬Â (Episcopal Relief and bre eding Staff, 2009). Pregnant women have compromised tolerant systems due to the pregnancy leaving them at risk. to a fault individuals suffering from other diseases such(prenominal) as HIV, malnutrition and genus Anemia are vulnerable (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of leechlike Diseases , 2010). The sponge that causes malaria infects two hosts: the female Anopheles mosquitoes and humans (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010).\r\nThe mosquito is essentially unharmed, unscathed, from the sponge but acts as a vector and transmits the disease from human to human each time it feeds. The parazoans are found in the mosquitoesÃ¢â¬â¢ salivary glands; it injects the saliva when feeding, and passes the parasite on to its Ã¢â¬Å"mealÃ¢â¬Â. While the parasite is in humans it moves through the blood where its transferred to the colored. The parasite makes a home in the humanÃ¢â¬â¢s liver and in the red blood cells it grows. The life cycle continues in each red blo od cell, destroying them and creating missy parasites (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010).\r\nIn ball club to control the spread of malaria scientists created antibiotics to cure the ailment to booster minimize the spread of the disease. Chloroquine was the first antibiotic created by german scientist, Han Andersag, in 1946. A German chemistry student, Othmer Zeidler, synthesized DDT (Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) in 1874 but the insecticide properties were not discovered until 1939 (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010). It was used by soldiers to keep mosquitoes away so they would not contract typhus and malaria will on the fighting field. The CDC (Communicable Disease Center) was created as a new persona of the U.\r\nS. Public Health Service and has been working to fight Malaria since 1946. The new center was the direct successor of the space of Malaria Control in War Areas, an agency set up in 1942 to limit the impact of malaria and other vector-borne diseases (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010). Another mode of measure is proper medication and insecticide while travelling in areas that are highly saturated in mosquitoes and reported cases of malaria. Ã¢â¬Â Every year, millions of US residents travel to countries where malaria is open (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010).\r\nAbout 1,500 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States annually, mostly in returned travellersÃ¢â¬Â (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010). Malaria risk is not distributed homogeneously throughout all countries. Some destinations have malaria transmission occurring throughout the whole country, while in others it occurs in defined pockets so the traveler should be aweary of areas whose climate is conducive to mosquitoes. The WHO Global Malaria Programme is trustworthy for evidence-based policy and strategy formulation, technical assistance, capa city building, malaria surveillance, onitoring and evaluation, and coordination of spheric efforts to fight malaria. WHO is also a co-founder and hosts the Roll rearward Malaria partnership, which is the global framework to implement coordinated fill against malaria (The World Health Organization Staff, 2010). The CDC participates actively in global malaria efforts through work with the WHO, Roll anchor Malaria Partners, UNICEF, and more in the fight to keep the epidemic at bay (Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases , 2010). Conclusion\r\nMalaria is a very contagious parasite transmitted through mosquitoes to humans. Those at risk are individuals living in areas conducive to the breeding of mosquitoes, particularly those that allow the mosquitoes to complete their growth cycle. Everyone is at risk especially with the numbers of travelers increasing the risk of the traveler bringing it home to the states is probable. Preventable measures have been created such as DD T in insect repellent and antibiotics. The epidemic has ceased in the States but continues to be a problem in Africa and Asia.\r\nReferences Episcopal Relief and Development Staff. (2009). Malaria FAQs. Retrieved kinsfolk 3, 2011, from NETSFORLIFE: http://www. netsforlifeafrica. org/malaria/malaria-faqs Global Health Ã¢â¬ Division of Parasitic Diseases . (2010, February 28). Malaria. Retrieved September 3, 2011, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www. cdc. gov/malaria/ astir(predicate)/disease. hypertext mark-up language The World Health Organization Staff. (2010, April). Malaria Center. Retrieved September 3, 2011, from World Health Center: http://www. who. int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs094/en/index. html\r\n'